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raising rabbits 

Breed selection 

Rabbits have many different breeds, which arose from the movement of rabbits from one area to another with a different way of living and life than the ones in which they were found, as they became mating with different breeds, which led to the existence of new breeds, which is called cross-breeding, as rabbit breeders By creating new breeds by altering rabbit genes to create breeds with specific characteristics they desire, It was previously mentioned that there is no difference between rabbit breeds when taken as a pet, but if it is taken as a farm animal, the appropriate breed must be chosen according to the purpose required of its breeding, as the breeds differ in their characteristics, for example, the proportion of meat in the New Zealand White and Californian rabbit breeds is more It is of bone, medium size, and characterized by its white fur. 

It should be noted that the New Zealand White Rabbit is considered the best breed in general, as it is characterized by its high motherhood as well as the quality of its meat, while the mating of the Californian male with the female New Zealand White Rabbit produces a large number of Rabbits, however, contain less meat. 

There are many other breeds such as the Argenté rabbit, the English Spot rabbit and the Flemish Giant rabbit, which are distinguished by their colorful fur, so the price is usually higher From some other breeds, in addition to other hybrid strains that arose from the mating of some strains, including what is known as the Altex strain, which was produced as a hybrid strain of many different strains such as the Giant Flemish Rabbit, Silver and Californian rabbits, with its ability to withstand degrees of excellence. The high temperature, as well as its large capacity for rapid increase in growthAnd the size, where the weight of rabbits of this breed ranges from 4.5 to 9 kilograms, and this breed was produced through a joint effort between the universities of Alabama and Texas with the aim of being used as a type of commercial rabbit.

Equipping the dwelling

outside the house

A suitable housing and environment must be provided for rabbits, as this affects the productivity of these animals, and there are many things that should be taken into account and provided in the rabbit housing, it must be exposed to natural ventilation, taking into account that rabbits are not exposed to strong winds or rain directly during the winter season and to sunlight Especially during the summer, in order to protect it from sunstroke, the dwelling can be provided with panels of plywood or plastic and surrounded by some old blankets or polyethylene sheets to protect them from wind and rain, and in the case of rabbits in a dwelling that does not have heating It must be secured in a closed place where it can be kept warm.
It is preferable to place rabbits in homes that are safe from any predatory animal , and they should not be exposed to various pollutants such as smoke and dust, in addition to being close to water and electricity supplies, and housing care is not limited to these matters only. When the birth of a female rabbit is near, housing must be secured Similar to a small nest that can be made of untreated natural wood, metal plates or wire mesh, so that the pregnant female has her own space for her young after birth, and in winter periods it is recommended to warm this special space by placing sawdust or straw in it, It is worth noting that rabbits can be provided with different housing, including:
Cage system: This type relies on placing rabbits in cages distributed across rows within a barn or pergola, so that these cages are raised on shelves of wood or cement , and galvanized iron can be used (in English: galvanized iron) known as CGI for the manufacture of the roof of the barn, The type of these barns may vary, some of them are semi-permanent and are built with pillars of wood, straw, bamboo and other materials, and some are permanent, as they contain half a brick wall.Iron and cement floor, and regardless of the nature of the barn used, it must have a good drainage system to facilitate cleaning the cages, and the cages are placed in rows spaced so that there is enough space between them for the passage of people, or even placed in layers on top of each other to save space inside the barn, Rabbit cages also differ in their sizes, but it is recommended to manufacture them using wire mesh with dimensions of 60 * 91 cm and a height of 38 cm, while the dimensions of the mesh holes range between 7.6 and 10 cm. Water and urine, plus it can be chewed by rabbits. Hut system: It is possible to build huts of iron, wood or bamboo as a dwelling for rabbits, taking into account that they are not exposed to direct sunlight in order to avoid high temperatures in them. The hut must be divided into multiple rooms, each with a size of 8.9 * 7.6 * 8.9 cm, and Use shingles or bamboo boards to separate them, galvanized iron (CGI) or straw are the best materials for the hut's roof, and the floors should be wire mesh to facilitate waste drainage. Floor system: Allocating an area of ​​land in the yard of the house to be a dwelling for rabbits, so that a special space is allocated for each rabbit, a dwelling must be provided for it, such as a box made of solid wood, and it must be spacious and have enough space for the rabbit to move freely, as this space must be Sufficient for a single rabbit to jump through at least three full jumps in any direction, in addition to being able to comfortably extend its hind legs, in addition to a space in front of the cage in which the rabbit can run and jump, and it should be noted that if the rabbit is alone, a rabbit must be brought From the opposite sex to put him with the first in the cage, as he will need companionship, and on the other hand, the presence of the rabbit outside the house protects him from the pets in the house such as cats and dogs.

inside the house 

The rabbit can be kept as a pet and allowed to move, run and jump around the house, and the specifications of the cage required inside the house do not differ from those required to be placed outside, except that a small box can be placed for the rabbit if it is always free to move around the house and sits wherever it wants, and it is preferable to provide A special box for rabbit litter, also used by cats, rabbits have an innate instinct that makes them prefer to defecate and urinate in a specific place. Rabbits are like dirt for cats, and it is recommended to put a layer of straw over it to encourage the rabbit to go to this box. Refer to the veterinarian if you want to prevent the rabbit fromReproduction due to the large number of young.The presence of the rabbit inside the house may expose him or the house and its attachments to many damages, through many things, such as biting electrical wires that may expose him to electrocution or burning, or eating house plants as food, and chewing furniture, plastic panels and wall papers, and for this reason it is necessary to prepare the house It should be done well to avoid the occurrence of such dangers and problems through many measures, including the following:
Wrap electrical wires with special spiral cables that rabbits cannot chew. 
These cables are flexible to control the wires easily, and the wires can be placed inside plastic tubes. 
Putting houseplants on high places or things so that the rabbit cannot reach them, as they may be toxic to rabbits, so care must be taken to monitor the plants in case any of their leaves fall. 
Protect the home furniture by placing panels on the edges of the furniture that may be subjected to chewing by rabbits, with interest in training the rabbit to quit such a habit.
Protect the lower parts of the beds and the sofa by closing them with sheets of cardboard, in order to avoid using these parts as a dwelling for the rabbit. 
Glue clear plastic panels to the walls to protect the wallpaper from chipping.

rabbit care 

Rabbits need care and monitoring to ensure that they are always in the best condition. It is good to monitor the rabbit’s behavior and its general appearance. Among the health symptoms that may appear on the rabbit are spots that spread inside the ears, diarrhea or secretions from the nose or eyes, and the health condition must be monitored. For rabbits, dental problems are common among rabbits, and although rabbits do not need many vaccinations, there are some important vaccinations to protect them from deadly diseases such as Viral Haemorrhagic Disease, which is known for short, as VHD. The veterinarian should be consulted to learn about the rabbit’s vaccinations and the number of vaccinations, and attention should be paid to its temperature. The normal temperature of rabbits is between 38.5 and 40 degrees Celsius, and their heart rate, if they are not exposed to stress, is between 180 to 250 beats per day. one minute.
 It is recommended to provide and prepare the appropriate place for rabbits so that they are able to exercise whenever they want. Exercise is very important in raising rabbits, as it helps the young ones to grow properly, and also maintains the physical fitness of adult rabbits, while the appropriate period for rabbits to exercise in one day It is four hours a day, so that this period is divided into a morning and an evening period, and the exercises that the rabbit wants to do vary according to its type and age, as young rabbits tend to be hyperactive, while large rabbits prefer sleeping, but this does not mean that they do not need to exercise such exercises.

nutrition 

Knowing the correct way to feed rabbits is very important, as diseases resulting from malnutrition are the most prevalent among rabbits, so care must be taken to develop a healthy diet for them, as any blockage in their digestive system can cause major health risks. The rabbit should not eat food for 12 to 24 hours, so it must be shown to the veterinarian immediately. Although rabbits are herbivores, that is, they eat plants, this does not prevent them from eating some other foods such as roots, worms, snails and tree bark. Rabbits use their sense of smell to identify food and its location, and this is due to the rabbit's inability to see what is directly in front of it, as its eyes are directed to the side. 
The rabbit has a digestive system that differs from that found in other mammals. The rabbit’s digestive system produces two types of stool, the first of which is dry stool in its litter box, while the other type known as night stool or cecotrope is considered one of the most important food sources As for the rabbit, the rabbit eats this type of feces because it contains important nutrients for his body. The rabbit can also eat hay, which is an important source of fiber .Which protects his intestines and enhances its work, while vegetables are an important source of providing rabbits with various nutrients and water, and it is preferable to offer a variety of vegetables on a daily basis, taking care to choose those whose leaves are dark in color because they are rich in beneficial elements for rabbits. Wash them well before serving them to the rabbit, including lettuce leaves, parsley, watercress, etc., and avoid serving certain types of vegetables such as cabbage, beans, peas, potatoes, spinach and others.
Compound feed (pellets) for agricultural rabbits can be added to their diet because it contains many important vitamins and minerals, but it should be noted that relying on this type of food may cause harmful obesity for rabbits and is not suitable for rabbits as a pet, This is because these grains contain high calories, and small amounts of fruits can be added to the diet of rabbits, as those rich in fiber are the best types of fruits suitable for rabbits, such as seeded apples, pineapples, strawberries, peaches, and pears, and nuts should be avoided. chocolate, or bread, pasta, and biscuits for rabbits, While adhering to all that has been mentioned, it should also be taken into account to provide appropriate quantities of daily food for rabbits, as the rabbit needs food at a rate of 120 to 150 grams per meal that is provided twice a day, and it is worth noting that the amount of food varies according to the different stages of growth, and it must be provided Clean drinking water continuously.

Mating and young 

Rabbits are able to mate when they are about 6 or 7 months old, as the female is brought to the male’s cage in agricultural rabbits, where it is recommended to give the couple the opportunity to communicate twice a day in the morning and evening, this opportunity increases the couple’s acquaintance with each other, It increases the chances of successful mating and obtaining a larger number of births. The pregnancy of the female rabbit lasts for 30 days, during which the female lives in a separate place of her own, which is the small nest mentioned previously, and the female rabbit usually gives birth during the night hours, as she does not need any assistance during birth. A female rabbit can give birth to an average of 6 births, and the number of births can reach 14, and young rabbits are born with closed eyes and without fur, as the fur begins to appear during the fourth day of their birth, while their eyes open after the tenth day. 
Young rabbits do not need to be fed during the first twenty days of their lives, as they depend entirely on mother’s milk in that period, and after more than two weeks of their age, the young begin to leave their place to gradually start eating herbs along with the mother’s milk, which is less dependent It must be gradually weaned until they are completely weaned and start relying on green fodder, vegetables and other nutritious foods. By feeding them cow’s milk using a special bottle or a dropper, and after the weaning stage, rabbits are cared for and fed well to be able to grow quickly, as they will not be able to mate until their weight reaches approximately 60% of the weight of an adult rabbit.

Common diseases affecting rabbits 

Rabbits, like other animals, are affected by many diseases, so when you notice any change in their behavior, please consult your veterinarian. Here are some of the diseases that can affect rabbits and their symptoms: Conjunctivitis: It causes conjunctivitis in the eyelids and secretions in the eyes in rabbits, so rabbits rub their eyes using their front feet, and the cause of this disease is a bacterial infection, and various environmental factors such as smoke, dust, fumes and sprays may contribute to infection Young and young rabbits are more susceptible to infection than others. 
Pasteurella (cold): (pasteurellosis), this disease of rabbits causes acute or chronic infections in the mucous membranes in the airways and lungs, which leads to mucus coming out of both eyes and nose, in addition to coughing and sneezing, and this disease occurs as a result of a bacterial infection that affects rabbits; Coccidiosis is one of the most common diseases among rabbits, and it may be considered a parasitic disease caused by protozoa, and no symptoms of the disease are mentioned if it is mild, but if the disease is severe or moderate, rabbits are infected Loss of appetite and diarrhea. 
Enteritis Complex, a disease that attacks the digestive system and intestines, and has various symptoms such as loss of appetite, general weakness in the body, diarrhea, weight loss, and low temperature of the rabbit, and the rabbit's abdomen may begin to swell due to the accumulation of quantities of gases . 
Breast lumps: This disease affects rabbits whose milk is not sufficiently extracted, due to infections in the breast that prevent them from feeding their young, and the breast becomes lumpy. 
Ear mites: The ear mite that infects domestic rabbits is one of the most common external parasites , as layers of mites and serum accumulate inside the ear, so rabbits move their head, hit them, and scratch their ears because of their discomfort. In the nerves, which in turn may cause partial paralysis, weight loss, and secondary infections in the ears. 
High temperature: the rabbit’s temperature rises to more than 33 degrees Celsius due to high humidity and poor ventilation, which makes it lie on the ground, and this may be accompanied by secretions mixed with blood from the nose and mouth, which results in the death of rabbits unless treated.

rabbits 

Rabbits, which are scientifically known as Leporidae, belong to the order Lagomorpha, which is classified under the classification of mammals , and rabbits are intelligent, social and friendly creatures, but they may differ among themselves in their personal characteristics. 
The rabbit is shy, lazy, stubborn, or even fierce, and most people's lack of awareness of this is the reason why they get rid of some rabbits when they reach adulthood, as their independent and strong personality is formed, while the difference in the personalities of rabbits cancels what is known as the breed suitable for rabbits as pets , there is no difference between One breed and another in such a case, but it all depends on the availability of a person who is able to adapt to the presence of such animals. 
Rabbits can be raised within the home as farm animals, as it is considered a relatively easy matter and has many benefits; The individual can raise these animals at home without causing inconvenience to his neighbors, as rabbits are odorless and calm, and they are easy to guide and docile animals, in addition to that their droppings are useful fertilizer for the home garden.
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