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types of snakes

types of snakes

Snakes are divided into two main categories, venomous snakes , which, contrary to popular belief, constitute a small percentage in the world of snakes, as the types of venomous snakes do not exceed (700) types of the total number of types of snakes, which is approximately (2900) species, and most of the venomous snakes do not They produce enough poison to kill a human being, while non-venomous snakes do not produce poison, but compensate for this by the strength of their muscles that they use to kill their prey.

Arabid family

The Elapid snake family includes sixty genera, and more than (300) types of venomous snakes, and they constitute approximately (10%) of all types of live snakes, and (50%) of the types of venomous snakes. 
 Arabids are spread in tropical and semi-tropical regions, and are characterized by producing a type of poison that attacks and destroys the nervous system of prey; Therefore, it is known to be a neurotoxin, and the canines of the crow are hollow, fixed and do not bend back. 
Among the most famous snakes of the serpent: 
The Black Mamba, scientifically known as Dendroaspis polylepis , and contrary to what its name suggests, it is either olive, gray or brown, and sometimes khaki, and it is the fastest snake in the world. 
The King Cobra , scientifically known as Ophiophagus Hannah, is the longest venomous snake on Earth; Some of them reach a length of (5.6 m - 5.7 m), while their average length is (3-4) meters, and they are spread in the southeastern regions of Asia . 
The Eastern Green Mamba is scientifically known as Dendroaspis angusticeps and is known by several names, such as the green mamba and the white-mouthed mamba. 
It is a very poisonous arboreal snake found in East Africa. 
The females of the green mamba are usually longer than the males; The average length of the male is (1.8) meters, while the average length of the female is two meters. 
Western Green Mamba , known scientifically as Dendroaspis viridis , is spread mainly in the coastal areas of tropical rainforests and forest regions in West Africa .
The pale cobra, or the red-spitting cobra , is scientifically known as the Naja Pallida and is characterized by the poisons produced by a mixture of neurotoxins and cellular toxins. 
The Indian Cobra , known scientifically as Naja Naja . 
The white cobra, also known as the yellow cobra  is scientifically known as the Naja Nivea . 
Egyptian Cobra , known scientifically as Naja haje . 
The Mozambique Spitting Cobra, scientifically known as Naja mossambica . 
Texas Coral Snake, known scientifically as Micrurus Tener .

Snake family

All types of the family of vipers are venomous snakes , and they have long and hollow fangs, which they can fold at the back of the roof of the mouth when the mouth is closed, and when the snake opens its mouth, the fangs extend forward, which is different from the fangs of the orphans that are fixed, Among the most famous snakes are: 
Russell's Viper, scientifically known as Daboia Russelii . 
The Saw Scaled Viper, scientifically known as Echis Carinatus . 
Bush Viper, scientifically known as Atheris Squamigera . 
McMahon's Vipers, scientifically known as Eristicophis Macmahonii . False Horned Viper, scientifically known as Pseudocerastes . 
The Copperheads Snake, known scientifically as Agkistrodon Contortrix . 
Water Moccasin, scientifically known as Agkistrodon Piscivorus . 
The Red Diamond Rattlesnake, scientifically known as the Crotalus Ruber . 
Rough-scaled Bush Viper, scientifically known as Atheris Hispida . 
The Common European Adder, known scientifically as Vipera Berus . 
Puffing Snake, scientifically known as Bitis Arietans . 
The Horned Adder, scientifically known as Bitis Caudalis . 
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, scientifically known as Crotalus Atrox . 
The Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake, known scientifically as Crotalus Adamanteus . 
Black-tailed Rattlesnake, scientifically known as Crotalus Molossus . 
Gabon Viper , scientifically known as Bitis Gabonica . 
The South American Bushmaster Snake, scientifically known as Lachesis Muta . 
The rhinoceros viper , scientifically known as Bitis Nasicornis . 
The Eyelash Viper, scientifically known as Bothriechis Schlegelii , is named for the same eyelashes because of the scales above the eye. Temple Pit Viper, scientifically known as Tropidolaemus Wagleri . Mojave Rattlesnake, scientifically known as Crotalus Scutulatus .

Al-Ahnach family

The Colubridae family is the largest of the snake families; It includes (304) genera and (1938) species of snakes, which constitutes two-thirds of the snakes in the world, and the snakes are spread in all continents of the world except for Antarctica . 
It is not located in the front of the mouth, but rather forms an angle at the back of the mouth. Among the most famous species of the Ahnash family are: 
 The Scarlet Snake, scientifically known as Cemophora Coccinea , is a non-venomous snake. 
The Desert Kingsnake, scientifically known as Lampropeltis Getula Splendid , is a contemporary snake . California Kingsnake, known scientifically as Lampropeltis Getula Californiae . 
The Corn Snake, scientifically known as Pantherophis Guttatus , is one of the contemporaneous snakes. Western Whip Snake , scientifically known as Masticophis Flagellum . 
The Green Rough Snake, scientifically known as Opheodrys Aestivus , is also called the green grass snake. 
Ribbon snake , scientifically known as Thamnophis Sauritus . 
Milk Snake, scientifically known as Lampropeltis Triangulum . 
Gray-banded King Snake, known scientifically as Lampropeltis Alterna , is a non-venomous snake. 
The King Rat Snake , scientifically known as Elaphe Carinata , and also called the stinking snake; This is because it secretes a foul-smelling substance from a gland near the anus. 
The black rat snake , scientifically known as Pantherophis Obsoletus , is one of the contemporary snakes. 
Tree snake, scientifically known as Dispholidus Typus , and it is one of the poisonous snakes.

python family

The Python family contains (8) genera, and (26) types of non-venomous snakes, and these snakes are spread in Asia, Africa, and Australia . 
The true pythons are one of the violent snakes, especially females that become very aggressive when it comes to protecting their eggs. 
its prey and begins to press on it until it suffocates it, and its types are: 
The Reticulated Python, scientifically known as the Python Reticulatus , is the longest snake and reptile in the world. The length of the adult reticulated snake can reach 6.95 meters. 
The Carpet Python, scientifically known as Morelia Spilota . 
The Ball Python, scientifically known as the Python Regius , is called the ball snake because when it feels threatened, it wraps itself like a ball. 
The Burmese python , scientifically known as the Python Bivittatus , is native to Myanmar (Burma). The Angolan Python , scientifically known as the Python Anchietae , is native to Angola and Namibia. The Borneo Short-tailed Python, scientifically known as Python Breitensteini , is endemic to the island of Borneo. Blood Python , scientifically known as Python Brongersmai . 
The Sumatran Short-tailed Python, scientifically known as the Python Curtus . 
Indian Python, known scientifically as Python Molurus . 
African Rock Python, known scientifically as Pythonse Baesebae . Python Timor , known scientifically as Python Timoriensis . 
Children's Python, scientifically known as Antaresia Childreni . 
Papuan Python, scientifically known as Apodora Papuana . 
The Bismarck Ringed Python , scientifically known as Bothrochilus White-lipped Pythons, scientifically known as Leiopython Hoserae . 
Water Python, scientifically known as Liasis . 
Tree Python, scientifically known as Morelia .

family of ancestry

All species of the family of boas or boas are not poisonous, but rather succulent. 
The boa wraps around its prey and begins squeezing it until its heart stops beating, and the most famous types are: 
The green anaconda, scientifically known as Eunectes Murinus , is the largest snake in the world. Emerald Tree Boa, scientifically known as Corallus Caninus . 
The Rosy Boa, scientifically known as Lichanura Trivirgata . 
The Yellow Snake, or Jamaican Boa, is scientifically known as Epicrates .

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