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African ostrich is the fastest land bird

The African ostrich is the largest bird in the world today, and is found in various savannas and deserts in Africa. African ostriches feed on plants as well as on some small animals such as insects, invertebrates and some reptiles.

 

African ostrich


AFRICAN OSTRICH CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom: Animal

Phylum: Vertebrate Chordates

Denomination: birds

Rank: ostriches

Family: Ostrich

Gender: ostrich

Beautiful ostrich type

The scientific name Struthio camelus:

 

AFRICAN OSTRICH CHARACTERISTICS

The male African ostrich is 2.10 to 2.75 cm long on average and weighs about 156 kg on average, while the female African ostrich is about 1.70 to 1.90 cm long and weighs about 100 kg. The African ostrich is one of the fastest two-legged animals with a speed of up to 70 km / h.

 

The look and feel of the African ostrich

The African ostrich is a large bird with a majestic silhouette She has a huge body  and very strong long legs With only two fingers, one of them has a claw  . The African ostrich has a very long neck, a small head, wings that are  too short to fly, a large beak, a  thick tail, and the legs, neck and head are bare, and their skin varies from  beige gray  to  pale pink  and the large feathers of the body of an African ostrich. Grayish-brown  in females  and black  with a little white in males, and the tail is sometimes orange.

 

African ostrich


THE HABITAT AND ENVIRONMENT OF THE AFRICAN OSTRICH

The African ostrich lives in a few countries in southern and central  Africa  such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Egypt, Sudan, Algeria and Nigeria. Where the African ostrich lives its life in  tropical dry and wooded savannahs and deserts.

 

AFRICAN OSTRICH FOOD

THE AFRICAN OSTRICH IS MAINLY a vegetarian  , but it is actually considered a  carnivore . It feeds mainly on a variety of plants, such as small shoots, herbs, seeds, fruits and flowers.. It also complements its diet with small animals, such as insects, invertebrates and some small mammals.

 

African ostrich


AFRICAN OSTRICH LIFESTYLE

The African ostrich is a social animal that lives in groups consisting of one male and a group of females and their young. Herds can consist of up to 50 individuals, although some males live alone. These animals are united. Females share their nests and also educate their young..The African ostrich is a diurnal animal that spends most of its day searching for food and moving around. However they are sometimes active at night. These groups are often associated with large groups of herbivores such as elephants, providing them with additional protection by warning of danger thanks to their size.. Ostriches are fairly quiet animals and males sometimes hiss, roars and howls.Each dominant male has an area of ​​approximately 2 to 20 square kilometres.

 

African ostrich


African ostrich predators

The main predators of the African ostrich are leopards, spotted hyenas, wild dogs and lions. However, animals only attack young ostriches, the elderly or the sick, and eagles can attack their young.

 

Longevity of the African ostrich

The average life expectancy of an African ostrich in the wild is 40 to 45 years while the average lifespan in captivity extends to 50 years.

 

African ostrich


AFRICAN OSTRICH BREEDING

Ostrich is a polygamous animal and the mating season of African ostriches starts from March to April to September. The female lays an average of 5 to 12 eggs and the female ostrich rests in a large nest where the incubation period for eggs lasts approximately 35 to 50 days. The young become independent birds after one year and sometimes more. Male ostriches reach sexual maturity at the age of 3 to 4 years, while females are at the age of 2 to 3 years.

 

African ostrich


AFRICAN OSTRICH THREATS AND CONSERVATION

The number of African ostriches that currently live in the wild is currently unknown and is declining due to hunting ostriches in order to obtain their meat and eggs as well as due to the loss of their environment in which they live for urbanization and city building. The African ostrich has become extinct in many countries.

 

 

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