المواضيع

 The American alligator , which is also called the Mississippi crocodile, is a reptile of the alligator family Which are found in the rivers and swamps of North America. And the crocodile is considered a carnivore, which feeds on all kinds of animals.

 

American alligator

American alligator classification

Kingdom: Animal

Phylum: Vertebrate Chordates

Class: Reptiles

Higher order: Crocodilians

Rank: Crocodiles

Family: crocodiles

Family: Alligators

Scientific Name: Crocodylus acutus

 

Characteristics of the American alligator

The American alligator is considered one of the large-sized reptiles. Male crocodiles reach an average length of 4 to 4.5 meters, sometimes up to six meters, and weigh an average of about 230 kilograms, and sometimes weigh up to 500 kilograms, while the length of the American alligator reaches from 2.6 to 3 meters and weighs about 90 kg.

 

Characteristics and appearance of the American alligator

The American alligator is a large alligator with a long, stocky body, a large and powerful tail, and somewhat short but powerful limbs that end with broad webbed legs and a large, rounded jaw. Also, the American alligator has a back covered with strong protective sheets on its back, which are not symmetrical , which gives the crocodile strong strength and durability. Several lines of dorsal scales and protrusions protrude from the rest of the back. The scales of this crocodile are olive, brown and gray to black in the upper part of the body. The dorsal scales are generally darker than those of other crocodiles. The abdominal part is yellowish-cream. Males are, on average, much larger than females.

 

Description of the jaw of the American alligator

The jawbone of the American alligator consists of 74 to 80 teeth, which are initially thin and long, and become wider and stronger in adulthood.

 

American alligator

american alligator speed

An American alligator can walk at a speed of 18 km/h on land while an American alligator can swim in water at a speed of 32 km/h.

 

American alligator jaw strength

The bite of an American alligator can reach 209 kg/ cm 2This makes the American alligator the second most powerful bite in the animal kingdom.

 

The environment and distribution of the American alligator

The American alligator lives in several parts of eastern North America.

 

The habitat and habitat of the American alligator

The American alligator lives in rivers, lakes, swamps, in temperate coniferous and deciduous forests, and in savannas. The presence of the American alligator has also been observed in some places of the mangroves.

 

The American Alligator's Diet

American alligators are carnivores in addition to insects when young crocodiles.

 

American alligator food and prey

The adult American alligator feeds on turtles, fish, small mammals, reptiles, and even other small crocodile species. The young American alligator feeds on small invertebrates, frogs, small fish and insects.

 

American alligator

The social life of the American alligator

The social behavior of the American alligator varies according to the size of the individual. As the larger alligators especially the dominant males are to some extent solitary and territorial. Young male and female crocodiles and young crocodiles live close to each other. During the mating season, these crocodiles gather in ponds for breeding. During this period, males can face each other in organized fights. The fight between crocodiles is that each crocodile opens its mouth wide, and then tends up to be stronger than its opponent.

 

American alligator lifestyle

The American alligator, whether diurnal or nocturnal, is an amphibian, spending most of its time in the water for hunting or cooling. Regularly, it joins the bank or the bodies of any fallen tree to enjoy the sunshine. American alligators hide and rest in dens, especially in the cold season when they are hiding. American alligators have the peculiarity of building small ponds to pass the dry season called alligator holes, which are essential to other animals living in their natural habitat.

 

American alligator intelligence

The American alligator is a particularly intelligent animal, as it is one of the only reptiles observed to use tools in hunting. For this, American crocodiles throw sticks with their mouths at birds during the nesting period to attract them, and then catch them later.

 

Communication and pronunciation of the American alligator

The American alligator communicates with other creatures through grunts, hissing and coughing used to mark territory or to signal danger or threat to competitors. When breeding and clashes, it emits subsonic flickers in the water. Young children communicate with their mother through the loud cries of American alligators.

 

American alligator hunting method

The American alligator hunts on land and in the water, remains motionless and throws itself at nearby targets every hour. On land, it hunts mainly at night, surprising the animals at the end of the track or by dragging them into the water. It kills prey by strong bites.

 

American alligator

American alligator predators

In adult crocodiles, American alligators have no real predators other than humans, who are considered the real threat to alligators. Crocodile eggs and young are preyed upon by raccoons, great blue herons, American crows, Virginia otter, wild boar and black bear.

 

Longevity of the American alligator

The average life expectancy of an American alligator in the wild is about 20-30 years and sometimes even 56 years. While American crocodiles live in captivity for about 50 years, and sometimes up to 73 years old.

 

American alligator breeding

The American alligator is an egg-breeding animal and is considered a polygamous animal, although it is often monogamous annually.

 

The reproductive period of the American alligator

The mating season for the American alligator is mainly in the spring. In order to breed, American alligators congregate in large water holes where males perform water dances. As a courtship ceremonial, the age of sexual maturity for the American alligator is between 10 and 20 years. Where the female builds a large nest of plants, made of sticks, leaves and mud in the water or on the dams. The female crocodile lays from 20 to 50 white eggs in the nest, and the incubation period is 65 days, during which the female guards and protects her from predators. When the eggs hatch, the young crocodiles call their mother by making a loud sound for the mother of the crocodiles to come to dig and take out the young and enter her mouth and bring her to the water.

 

American alligator

American crocodile shape

At birth, baby crocodiles resemble their parents, but have a lighter body in color with dark stripes and a narrower mouth.

 

Weaning baby alligators

At first they are protected by their mother, then the young ones pursue them in order to obtain protection and to defend themselves, about one year and then separate

 

American alligator threats

Threats to the American alligator are primarily local. These threats are poaching for their hides and meat, habitat loss due to agriculture, pollution, climate change and urbanization.

 

The number of American alligators circulating in the world

The number of American alligators in the wild ranges between 750,000 and 1060,000 American alligators. However, their numbers are currently increasing. The American Alligator is a lesser concern ( LC) according to the IUCN.

 

 

تعليقات
ليست هناك تعليقات
إرسال تعليق



    وضع القراءة :
    حجم الخط
    +
    16
    -
    تباعد السطور
    +
    2
    -