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Antelope and different types of antelope

  The antelope is one of the many hoofed mammals that bred and spread in the ancient world (Asia, Europe, Africa, and the islands surrounding these continents ) and the antelope belongs to the bovid family This family also includes cattle, sheep, goats, camels, and elk. Antelopes are omnivores that graze in the grassy plains and eat from trees and leaves, and they are quick animals to run when they escape from any danger. Antelopes are social animals that often live in large herds in order to protect the herd members, and most of the antelopes live in the African continent.

 

Antelope information

Appearance and behavior

As in all species of the bovid family , all males of the antelope have horns. Antelopes, whether male or female, have long, pronounced spiral horns, and their horns vary according to their species. Two-thirds of female antelopes have horns; They are always thinner and shorter than males. The sizes of antelopes vary according to their species. The rock antelope is as big as a large American rabbit, and some of it grows until it becomes the size of a bull. Antelopes are very fearful of their predatory enemies. Antelopes cross one of the fastest animals in the world , as they use their speed to escape from their enemies. Antelopes are social animals that live in large herds.

 

natural habitat

Antelopes live in a variety of habitats, usually forests, woodlands, savannas, grasslands, and swamps. Many antelopes have adapted to live in mountainous areas and rocky outcrops, and others have adapted to live in deserts, even some antelopes have adapted to be semi-aquatic and live in swamps..


mountain deer

The mountain deer is one of the thinnest antelopes, and it has wide eyes, legs and a long neck. And the coat color of these animals varies from brown to dark brown. The horns of male mountain antelopes are very long, 22 to 29.4 cm in length, and have a straight, solid base with multiple rings. The female's horns are shorter than the male's, between 5.8 and 11.5 cm in length. The mountain antelope is widely distributed in the Arabian Peninsula, the Levant, and Iraq. In addition to coastal plains, mountain gazelles also inhabit mountains and hillsides. The mountain antelopes are currently distributed in the Red Sea coast and the Asir Mountains region in the Hijaz, as well as the Valsan Islands in the Red Sea, southwest of Saudi Arabia, and the coastal and mountainous areas of the Republic of Yemen, from Oman to the UAE. Overfishing and the loss of mountain antelope habitats are among the most important reasons for the decline in their numbers.

 

mountain deer

sand antelope

The sand antelope spreads in desert areas with dense sand dunes, and is usually found in a large number in groups, and the number of antelopes can reach approximately one hundred, and it has a pale sandy color. The sand antelope is one of the largest species of antelope found in the Arabian Peninsula, weighing 30-40 kg, and a length of 50-60 cm. It is more adapted to difficult desert conditions. The strain that resides in the Arabian Peninsula is the Marika strain .

 

sand antelope

Arabian Oryx

The Arabian Oryx is a species of antelope that is widely distributed in the deserts and pastures of the Arabian Peninsula, Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine and the land of Egypt. It is characterized by the presence of a hump on its shoulders, a tuft of hair in its tail, and long straight horns. The Arabian Oryx weighs about 70 kg. The color of the Arabian oryx is completely white in most of the body except for the lower part and the feet. The color of the lower part and the feet is brown. The Arabian oryx feeds on herbs and other plants such as tree leaves, in addition to fruits, weeds and roots.


Arabian Oryx

Indian black antelope

The black antelope, also known as the Indian antelope, is an antelope that lives mainly in the Indian subcontinent. The males are black in color, while the females and young males are yellowish brown in color and reach a height of about 81 cm and an average weight of about 38 kg. It is considered one of the endangered animals.

 

Indian black antelope

Imbala antelope

The Imbala antelope is an African antelope that lives in the east and south of the African continent among the forests and savannah grasses near the water. It is a medium-sized antelope, where the length of males is 75-92 cm  and females 70-85 cm . Males usually weigh 53-76 kg and females 40-53 kg, and females are slightly smaller than males and are distinguished by the fact that they do not have horns on their head.


Imbala antelope

African sable antelope

The Sable antelope is an antelope that lives in eastern and southern Africa. It is a large antelope, with a weight of about 235 kg. It is distinguished by having a crest that resembles the crest of a horse above its neck, and the females are smaller than the males .

 

African sable antelope

 

 

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