المواضيع

Bald Eagle or the so-called merciful punishment

The bald eagle , also called the bald eagle or the American eagle , is a large bird of prey found in densely forested areas near water wells in North America. It is a carnivorous bird, which mainly hunts fish, and feeds on all kinds of prey.


bald eagle


Category

Kingdom: Animal

Phylum: Vertebrate Chordates

Category: birds

Rank: Prey

Family: Bazia

Gender: sea eagle

Genre: Vulnerable Punishment

Scientific Name: Haliaeetus leucocephalus


Subspecies / Varieties

There are two subspecies of the bald eagle, which differ by region:

The white-headed subspecies is a common subspecies found in California, the southern United States, Baja California, and Mexico.

The subspecies Alaskan , found in the northern United States, Canada and Alaska, is larger than the other subspecies

 

Bald Eagle Characteristics

The length of the bald eagle is about 70 to 102 cm, and the females are about 25% larger than the males

The wingspan of a bald eagle is about 1.80 to 2.3 cm, females weigh about 5.6 kg, and males weigh 4.1 kg.

 

Bald Eagle Appearance

The bald eagle is a fairly large bird of prey with a unique and famous appearance. It has a powerful body, large and broad wings, a fairly long tail, rounded on the sides, and strong yellow claws. Its round head is located at the end of a long neck and ends with a wide, hanging yellow beak. His piercing round eyes are yellow. As with many birds of prey, the female is slightly larger and bulkier than the male. The distinctive plumage of the bald eagle is thick. It is dark brown on the wings and most of the body, except for the tail, head and neck which are white. We easily recognize immature vultures, which are still brown on the head and tail.

 

The flying power of the bald eagle

The bald eagle is distinguished by its amazing ability to fly in the sky, where the average speed of the bald eagle is from 56 to 70 km / h, and its speed when attacking prey is between 120 to 160 km / h

 

The environment and distribution of the bald eagle

The bald eagle lives in a few countries in North America. The bald eagle is found in temperate and boreal coniferous forests, vast temperate steppes and grasslands, and in the tundra. It usually lives near water, rivers, lakes and estuaries.

 


Bald eagle diet

The bald eagle is a mostly carnivorous bird of prey.

 

Bald eagle food and prey

The diet of a bald eagle varies greatly depending on the region in which it lives. It feeds mainly on fish however, it also eats marine invertebrates and birds such as penguins and seagulls as well as carrion and mammals of various sizes such as rabbits, foxes and sea otters. Reptiles, amphibians, and other bird eggs are supplements to her diet.

 

Bald Eagle Social Life

The bald eagle is a diurnal animal that spends a lot of time moving around in search of hunting. It is mostly a solitary animal. It spends most of its time alone or with only one wife. However, eagles gather when getting abundant food during the mating season, where the number of its members may sometimes reach 3000 An individual and that is in the winter and during the mating season, the males can fight the eagles with their paw. You may also fight over food. The bald eagle is actually a partly migratory bird and if it allows access to open water, it does not migrate and the eagles travel several kilometers to search and reach ideal areas.

 

Bald eagle screaming

When the bald eagle flies, it shouts and screams and makes sharp calls accompanied by a roar, and during the mating season, the males of the bald eagle make calls with other words to frighten other males as well as calls to summon the females.

 

Bald Eagle Living Area

The bald eagle's land area is 1 to 2 square kilometres, including an area of ​​water.

 


Predators and threats to the bald eagle

An adult bald eagle does not have any predators. However, raccoons, seagulls, magpies, crows and black bears feed on the eggs of the bald eagle and its young chicks. However, they compete with other birds of prey and can be attacked by other eagle species.

 

Bald Eagle Hunting Technique

To catch its prey, especially fish, the bald eagle approaches it and grabs it with its powerful claws. As for mammals, eagles can hunt in groups, with one eagle flying to chase the animals while the other swoops in to catch it.

 

Longevity for the bald eagle

The life expectancy of a bald eagle in the wild is an average of 20 years and sometimes more while the lifespan in captivity is 30 to 45 years.

 

Bald Eagle Reproduction

Breeding in eagles on the way eggs is like other birds and the female bald eagle lays from one to 4 eggs, but usually only one young remains alive. The eggs are incubated for 35 days, and the bald eagle chick is weaned by its parents completely when it reaches the age of about 10 to 13 weeks. As for the chicks, they are cared for, cared for, protected and fed by their male and female parents. The young bald eagle reaches sexual maturity when it reaches the age of about 3 to 4 years, and the mating season is from April to August in the north, while in the south the mating season is from October to April. Bald eagle eggs are pale white in color and about 7.3 x 5.5 cm in size.

 

Bald eagle breeding places

The pair builds a very large nest, 4 m high, 2.5 m wide, with twigs or leaves. The nest is built on the ground or a slope or on a large tree.

 

Bald eagle species conservation status

The bald eagle is considered one of the birds that are in danger of extinction. Loss and degradation of habitats, global warming, loss of prey, over- and indiscriminate hunting, water pollution and contaminated prey, collision with aerial vehicles and cables are among the most important direct threats to the bald eagle. It is estimated that there are about 70,000 bald eagles in the wild, and the number of bald eagles in the world is currently increasing.

 


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