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Identify the "discus fish", a peaceful aquarium fish

 Identify the "discus fish", a peaceful aquarium fish

Discus fish is one of the most beautiful aquarium fish that has special conditions of maintenance. In this article you will read the characteristics and conditions of keeping this fish. Symphysodon, colloquially known as the discfish, is a subspecies of tilapia native to the Amazon River basin in South America. Due to its distinctive shape, behavior, and color variety, discus is very popular as a freshwater aquarium fish. In this article we will introduce you to this beautiful fish.

Discus fish in aquariums


Disc fish appearance and size characteristics

The name disk was chosen for this fish due to its disk-like shape. However, some species are more rounded than others. Their bodies are usually 8 to 10 inches or 20 to 25 centimeters long and are relatively large fish for home aquariums.


Types of disc fish

Discus fish generally include the following three species:

Symphysodon aequifasciatus Pellegrin (blue disc or brown disc)

Symphysodon discus Heckel (red disc or Heckel disc)

Symphysodon tarzoo E. Lyons (green disc)

Due to selective breeding by breeders, Discas has a wide variety of colors and, interestingly, it can take up to 6 years to reach its best color. It is also a perennial and usually lives for more than 10 years. 

Their price depends mostly on the appearance and colors of these aquatic animals; Because some colors are more rare than others.


Behavioral characteristics of discus fish in aquarium

This fish is a very calm and peaceful fish and usually does not get involved with other fish. For this reason, they are considered among the best fish in many aquariums. This type of fish loves a group life and likes to be in the middle of the aquarium. 

Since they love to swim freely, in order to improve the conditions of their keeping, it is better to place vegetation or large trees in their pond; Of course, so as not to harm their bodies from the passing of the fish.


Interesting facts about discus fish

Discus farming is a large and very economical industry in many Asian countries. Another name for this fish is Pompadour, it has attracted a huge number of collectors' followers and spawned an international multi-million dollar industry through shows, contests and popular online breeders. A feature of this fish is exceptional calm. It is also larger than other tropical fish and can create a very interesting scene in your aquarium and make it special.

However, keeping this fish is not an easy task and that is why people who can take good care of discus fish take great pride in themselves. The interesting thing about this fish is that its color changes depending on age, diet, energy level and tank conditions. Although keeping this type of fish requires patience, this discus fish's appearance features and proper size have made it one of the best fish to keep in an aquarium.


Conditions for keeping discus fish in an aquarium

As mentioned earlier, keeping this fish despite its attractiveness can be challenging; Because this fish needs 82 to 88 degrees Fahrenheit or 27 to 31 degrees Celsius more than other fish. These conditions reduce mortality and disease in discus fish. Usually, a high-quality heater is used to increase the temperature of the water to such an extent. The best natural habitat for discus fish is the waters of the Amazon, which are slightly acidic and sweet, with a pH between 6 and 7; Therefore, in your aquarium must also meet these conditions for the preservation of discus fish.

Also, the water in the aquarium must be purified and disinfected. The flow of water should be weak. You can control this action with the help of a spray applicator or with the help of a water stick. This type of fish also likes soft and medium sediment, because it often looks for its food under the bottom of the water.

A 50 gallon tank is the smallest tank size you can think of for discus fish. Of course, each fish only needs 7 gallons of water, but because of this fish's tendency to live outdoors, the tank should be considered larger. On the other hand, since this fish loves a group life, you can easily keep several discus fish together and have a nice mix of colors in your aquarium.


Disc compatible fish

This fish is a calm and shy fish and usually gets along with fish such as the amber tetra, guppy and neon tetra. Other large fish suitable to pair with disc fish are gourami, Bolivian rum cichlid, and pencilfish.

These fish should not be kept with aggressive fish, as some aggressive fish will try to eat the surface of the mucous membrane of the disc, which can cause ulcers. The three-line angelfish does not cause any problems for this fish, but because this fish is very competitive, it can damage the disc if there is a lack of food.


What is discus food?

These fish feed on a variety of foods and are omnivores, but they primarily love vegetables such as algae or seaweed. However, you can also give them disposable (but not spoiled) food. The more varied and better the food of this type of fish, the better the colors appear on their skin. 

This fish needs 5 meals a day and eats its food in just 3-5 minutes. Excess food should be removed after 5 minutes, as excess food intake can lead to health problems or changes in water quality.


How do we ensure the health of disc fish?

The best way to ensure the health of this fish is to pay attention to the appearance of the fish and proper maintenance. Discus fish are very sensitive to changes in water parameters, especially temperature. If they cannot keep their balance well in these conditions, they quickly resort to a stud in the tank. 

If you want to take care of this fish, you should thoroughly clean the aquarium once a week so that the fish does not get sick; Because changing 25% of the water and leaving extra food in the tank can change the ideal conditions. Also, the water you put in the tank should be tested as clean water using special kits.

Parasitic infections can also cause discus fish to scratch and injure themselves in sediment or aquarium equipment. Redness in some areas of the fish's body can indicate how fast the fish is breathing.

Usually, this problem is solved by making appropriate changes in the water and removing the parasites. In general, you should always think about the movements and appearance of your fish, and if you see any abnormalities, immediately solve the problem by consulting the sellers of these fish.


The last word

Discus fish is one of the most beautiful fish that every fish lover will enjoy in their own aquarium. But the conditions for their maintenance are a little difficult and differ from other fish, and you should be very responsible for them. However, if properly taken care of, it may be your friend for more than 10 years.


Disc fish set of pictures

Discus fish is a peaceful aquarium fish

Discus fish is a peaceful aquarium fish

Discus fish is a peaceful aquarium fish

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