How to keep dogs warm in the winter

Does your dog shiver from the cold when you go outside for a minute, or does he just love frolicking in the snow? Many dogs feel the cold in the winter as do their owners, especially if they are not used to the cold. Other dogs, though, were born to handle the cold better than any human ever could. To keep your dog warm during the winter months, it is important to think about how they are raised and healthy. Remember, too, that you should take the time to make sure your puppy stays warm and healthy all winter long.

Caring for dogs during the winter

Take good care of your dog


Take good care of your dog . Avoid trimming, shaving, or clipping your dog's hair because a dog's full coat is a source of warmth in the winter. Stick to a good regimen of grooming, combing, and grooming. Curly hair is less efficient during the winter because it retains snow and cold rain and does not help immunize the dog. [1] Regular care of the dog’s hygiene reduces the severity of the problem of fur dandruff, especially in the case of a dog that lives in a dry winter season.     


Protect your dog indoors. Make sure the dog is completely dried off before going outside. Bathe your dog a few times in the winter, or consider cutting out baths altogether. Remember that it takes longer in the winter for a dog to dry off. This helps keep dogs from catching severe colds.

·         If it's important, give your dog a short bath in warm water and dry it off as quickly as possible. Don't bathe your dog in cold water, as this will make them cold and they will be less likely to overheat because of the lower temperature. 


Keep the hair around the claws trimmed well. This helps prevent ice and snow from forming between the claws.  After any outdoor excursion, check the claws for any cracks, cuts, or outside inclusions. Keep his feet in good shape wherever possible by applying a little Vaseline or cream, but beware of sticky footprints in the house.

·         If your dog is not wearing his own socks, be sure to clean his feet of salt, ice, and chemical removal after each run. The chemicals can be toxic and the salt can cause irritation. 


Avoid overfeeding the dog. It is important that your dog eats well and regularly during the colder months in order to keep his energy and warmth. However, an indoor dog does not need excessive amounts of food in the winter. Doing so may cause the dog to gain weight.

·         Increased food for the dog is only justified when the dog is outdoors all the time, and also for dogs who are particularly active in the winter months. Talk to your vet about your dog's specific energy needs.

·         Make sure your dog has constant access to clean, non-freezing water, whether he lives indoors or outdoors. Heat pans can be purchased for use outside the home.

Keeping your dog healthy in the winter 

Protect your dog from winter diseases that affect dogs


Protect your dog from winter diseases that affect dogs. Just like people, dogs can get sick during the cold months, especially when the cold is due to winter conditions. Some of the major concerns include: respiratory infections in humid climates, skin blisters due to cold, and consumption of toxic substances.


Keep your dog dry and warm. This helps protect against respiratory infections, such as kennel cough (equivalent to a human cold) . If your dog develops a respiratory infection, seek veterinary care immediately. Realize that if you have many dogs sharing the same airspace, such as in a group kennel, there is a greater risk of disease spreading.  


Skin ulcers may be a problem for some dogs, especially hairless dogs. Examine the ear tips and tail in particular. If the extremities are cold and appear white, red, or leaden, and are dry and hard, the dog has a cold sore.

·         If you suspect your dog has a cold sore, wrap the dog's extremities in a blanket or towel to warm them gradually and get to the vet immediately.


Keep toxic winterizers away from dogs. Antifreeze tastes unusually sweet to dogs, and they will lick it off if they get to it. It takes 4 teaspoons to kill a dog weighing less than five kilograms.

·         If your dog swallows antifreeze, go to the vet immediately because he needs treatment within hours to save his life.

·         Another toxic problem during the winter is mouse bait, which is used in large quantities by everyone who lives in close proximity to mice in the winter. Keep all toxic materials out of the reach of dogs and other pets, and clean up any spills immediately. 


He turned to the already existing dog diseases. Arthritis and osteoarthritis may worsen in cold weather. Talk to your vet about treatment options and ways to keep your arthritic dog healthy and warm during the winter. 


Take the dog on shorter walks in very cold weather. Don't try to take your dog for long walks that you would take in warmer weather. Short runs are enough to get exercise and rest without making you or your dog cold.

·         Keep exercising even if you are indoors. Play indoor games with your dog, such as fetch, tug-of-war, or hide-and-seek toys, and allow him to roam indoors if possible. Have him run up and down the stairs to practice agility. Keep in mind that if your dog has some joint or hip problems, he won't be able to run, so let him walk up and down stairs. 


Keep in mind that ice is just as lubricating for dogs as it is for humans. Slipping on ice can lead to strains and sprains, so discourage your dog from playing on the ice, especially fetch or frisbee.

·         Keep the dog away from puddles or frozen bodies of water. The ice may look solid but if your dog falls into it he could drown. Unfortunately, the people trying to save their dogs are also drowning. And sadly, we advise you to never attempt to rescue your dog when he has fallen. 


Keep your dog on a leash when walking in the winter. Expect extreme weather events, such as a blizzard, the sudden appearance of a snowdrift, or a dog running into a snowy lake. You won't be able to help him or get him back if he falls. Be sure to bring a charged phone so that you can call for help if you or your dog gets into trouble.

Provide shelter for the dog outside during the winter

Understand your dog breed's particular susceptibility to cold


Understand your dog breed's particular susceptibility to cold. Some dog breeds are more susceptible to the cold than others, while others adapt very well to the cold. Dogs that do not adapt well to the cold should not be left outside. However, even dogs that do well in the cold still need warmth and shelter to survive outside.

·         Cold-adapted dog breeds include the Alaskan Malamute , Siberian Husky, and Chow Chow.

·         Dog breeds that have difficulty in winter include: Doberman Pinschers, puppies, hairless or hairless puppies, and greyhounds. Any dog ​​that's shaved or overly cropped falls into this category as well, because the thick winter coat is the dog's protection.



Provide the dog with suitable shelter. It's best to keep your dog inside during the winter, and only go outside for a walk and relieve himself. This ensures that your dog does not catch a cold while you are sleeping or out and about. Small dogs should not be left outside because they do not have the ability to warm themselves outside like larger dogs.

·         If you have an outdoor dog (such as a sled dog), you should provide it with a shelter and bedding. New straw provides an adequate layer of insulation against the cold from the ground for an outdoor shelter. Make sure the straw is changed regularly.

·         An outdoor dog shelter should include a pitched roof, insulation and heating, especially in very cold climates.  For rainy winters, be sure to protect the entrance to the shelter so that rain does not seep in. 


Ensure that the shelter is adequately insulated. In an outdoor kennel, be sure to pad the floor 2-3 cm off the ground. Place insulating materials such as straw or plastic sheeting to bridge this gap, to prevent the hail coming from the ground. You can also use this hole by placing hot water under it to give the floor heat on very cold days.

·         On top of the floor liner, make sure the dog gets enough warm bedding. While blankets are a good option, be sure to put a deep layer of straw on the floor. Make sure to provide at least an inch of compacted straw, and try to wrap it around the walls, as well as loose straw so the dog can sit around it and make a warm nest. This helps warm the kennel and reduces drafts.

·         Remember, if it's not warm enough for a night out, the doghouse isn't warm enough for him either. 


Be sure to protect the shelter from the wind. The wind factor greatly increases the severity of the cold. Always make sure dogs are well protected outside, especially against wind. If the dogs are at the shelter, add a porch to the entrance to reduce wind blowing into the kennel. Determine which directions the wind blows from and then make the entrance in the opposite direction. This gives you the opportunity to put insulation around the kennel, especially on the windy side, to reduce heat loss. For more information about winds, you can search on the Internet for relevant meteorological sites.


Bring all outdoor dogs inside if the cold snap becomes exceptionally long and severe. The coop inside the house is much warmer than the dog shelter outside. Remember, the more layers of insulation you add, the more comfortable the doghouse will be. Try covering the kennel with an old quilt and then wrapping it in an oilcloth to further protect the dog. 


Check the kennel daily to make sure it is dry and there are no roof leaks. Humidity and cold are more dangerous than dry cold. Always check the bedding to make sure it is warm and dry. A dog lying on a dirty bed will get more sores and spots on the skin.

Keep your outdoor dog warm in winter

Make sure the bedding is warm and in a good location


Make sure the bedding is warm and in a good location. Bedding is an important part of keeping your dog warm during the winter. If your dog sleeps on the floor or in a drafty place, place the bedding off the floor. You can do this by raising the dog's bed off the floor a few centimeters. The goal is to stop heat loss by contacting the ground.

·         You can easily make a platform by using a sheet of chipboard resting on books or bricks.

·         Pillows, blankets and old clothes included in the bedding make for a good, warm bed. 


Keep the dog warm on cold nights. This is especially important for senior dogs and those with arthritis. You can use a warm dog bed or a warm water bottle.Once your dog realizes he's in a nice warm bed, he'll accept it and look forward to staying in it all night.

·         Senior dogs get stiff especially in cold weather. Providing warmth in and around their joints greatly aids in their comfort. Again, simple things can help, like putting a thick blanket over the dog when they stay up at night.

·         If your dog is too old to chew food, look for microwavable bags of cherry stones, which are designed to warm human joints. Follow the manufacturer's instructions; Heat the bag in the microwave and place it on the dog's most sore and swollen joints. Cover the dog with a blanket, which will give him more comfort.

·         There are a variety of electronic pet blankets or thermal mattresses available. There is a type of mattress specifically for a young puppy. These types are designed to keep your pup warm and warm, and are safe to cover him with for an extended period of time. When choosing a heat mat, be sure to read the instructions to see if the animal can sit directly on it without the risk of thermal burns. Some rugs designed for veterinary use are not safe to lay directly on and require the animals to be covered first with a blanket to avoid burns.


Clean your dog's bedding and other items regularly. This will reduce fleas, germs, and messes. This is especially important in the winter when insects will seek out anywhere that seems warm.


Use booties to protect your dog's feet when walking on snow or salt. Salt irritates a dog's feet and the snow is very cold. Socks will keep the feet warm as well as protect them from the salt irritant. If you haven't trained your dog to accept socks, he will be a little oppositional and won't accept them easily.

·         If your dog has difficulty accepting socks, you can use positive support training. Place a sock on one foot, give the dog a treat, and then remove the sock. Repeat this daily and increase the socks each time until the dog gets used to wearing them. 


Use clothing designed for specific dogs and situations. Dog clothes help keep them warm during the winter. This is especially good for small dogs, dogs without long hair (such as whippets and greyhounds), and old or sick dogs. One of the main signs that a dog needs clothes is that it shivers from the cold, like a human.

·         Dog jackets, vests and shawls can be purchased or made (knit, sew or crochet) according to the size of the dog. In the rainiest winters, you can have a raincoat on his head but make sure he breathes through it.

·         Make sure any dog ​​clothes are dry before using them. If the dog goes outside in wet clothes, the wind causes the water to evaporate and also draws heat from the dog's body, causing it to get cold. It's a good idea to have multiple clothes so that some are in the wash, some are in the dryer, and some are ready to wear.

·         Undress the dog in the house if possible, unless the temperature in the house is very low. If the dog wears the clothes all the time, they are useless when you go outside.

Useful ideas

·         A warm water bottle can be placed under the dog's bed to quickly warm him up.

·         Keep outdoor visits short during very cold temperatures. If you have a door to the kennel or a way for your dog to get in from the cold, it is important to monitor the time your dog is outside in the event that the playtime in the cold is exceeded.

·         If you feel cold, know that this is the case for your dog as well. Make sure the place where the dog sleeps is large enough for you to sleep in as well.

·         Place your dog's jacket in the dryer for 10-15 minutes before wearing it. This jacket will make your dog warm and cuddly, and provide instant warmth when you go outside.


·         Avoid leaving a domestic dog outside in the winter. Dogs need time to adjust to temperature changes. If you want to leave your house dog outside during the winter, start grooming him in the fall so he gets used to the temperature changes and his coat responds by growing thicker.

·         Avoid leaving your dog outside for long periods of time in freezing temperatures.

·         Avoid leaving a dog in a cold car. When the heater is off and the temperatures drop quickly, staying in the car is just like a refrigerator and doesn't circulate the air and stays very cold.

·         If your dog falls into an icy lake or river, call for help immediately. Don't risk your life trying to save the dog.

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