المواضيع

The American antelope is America's fastest wild animal

 The American antelope is a medium-sized antelope that is found in some areas of the American prairie and in desert and mountain regions. It is a vegetarian animal that feeds mainly on low vegetation.



American antelope classification

Kingdom: Animals

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammals

Rank: Artiodactyla

Family: antelope and locust

Gender: American antelope

Scientific Name: Antilocapra americana

Subspecies: There are five subspecies

 

Characteristics of the American antelope

The length of the American antelope is about 141 cm from the nose to the tail and its height is from 81 to 104 cm. The weight of the male antelope is about 14 to 64, while the females weigh about 34 to 48 kg and the male is slightly larger than the female. The American antelope is a very fast animal, which can run at a speed of 74 km / h, and the running speed can reach 98 km / h when the run reaches its peak. The American antelope is the fastest land animal in North and South America.

 

The look and feel of the American antelope

The American antelope is a large antelope with a massive and somewhat slender body, large slender legs ending in hooves, a short tail and an elongated head. Its horns are very short and round at the ends, its eyes are small, round and dark, and its ears are very short and almond-shaped. The fur of the American antelope is very short and in different colours. The red-haired fur covers the back, upper sides and legs, while the belly and inner side of the hind legs are white. His shirt continues on his neck and head with some white streaks on the throat, and there is a coloration also present on his lower jaw.

 


The habitat and environment of the American antelope

The American antelope lives in parts of North America on plains and temperate grasslands as well as in mountainous and semi-desert regions. It is rarely seen in some areas of light coniferous woods.

 

American antelope diet

The antelope is a mostly herbivorous animal. Where the American antelope feeds on different plants according to the region and season. It mainly eats herbaceous plants, shrubs and grass. It also feeds on cacti and agricultural crops.

 

The social life of the American antelope

The American antelope is a social animal that lives in large groups or herds and in the winter, these antelopes form large mixed herds. In the spring, the herds are divided into individual groups of young males and females, and single individuals with the dominant males. During the year the dominants receive females on their territory in order to breed. The American antelope is an animal that is active day and night, alternating activity and resting several times a day. It spends most of its active hours grazing and in the winter, large herds migrate over 100 km to reach the most suitable areas for winter.

 


predators of the American antelope

The main predators of the American antelope are the wolf, mountain lion, and red lynx, and the golden eagle rarely attempts to hunt the American antelope.

 

Escape technique in American antelope

Because it is so fast, the slit relies on its speed to escape from predators. In case of danger, he can run long distances at a very fast pace.

 

Longevity of the American antelope

The average life expectancy of an antelope in the wild is 10 to 11 years, and sometimes up to 16 years, while in captivity it is about 11 years.

 


American antelope breed

The American antelope is a polygamous animal and the mating season begins between late August and early October. A female American antelope usually gives birth to one or two young and the gestation period will last approximately 252 days. At birth, the babies weigh about 3.9 kg. It is weaned in about 4 or 5 months. The American antelope is sexually mature after 15 to 16 months. However, males reproduce for the first time around 5 years.

 

American antelope threats

The number of the American antelope is currently stable, but it has suffered a sharp decline since the arrival of Europeans to the American continent until it was close to extinction in 1915. Agriculture. In addition to road accidents and poaching. The American antelope is of least concern ( LC) according to the IUCN.

 


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