المواضيع

The black antelope or the so-called Indian antelope

 The black antelope , also called the Indian antelope , is found mainly in various dry areas such as semi-deserts and low-density forests in many countries in Southeast Asia. The antelope feeds mainly on grasses, but it also feeds on some leaves and fruits.

 

The black antelope, also called the Indian antelope

black antelope classification

Kingdom: Animal

Phylum: Vertebrate Chordates

Class: Mammals

Rank: Artiodactyla

Family: Bovines

Family: Antelopes

Gender: deer

Scientific Name: Antelope cervicapra

Subspecies: 4 kinds

 

Characteristics of the black antelope

Males of black antelope reach about 120 to 140 cm in height and about 74 to 84 cm and weigh about 32 to 43 kg, while females reach about 100 to 120 cm in length and about 64 to 74 cm in height and weigh about 25 to 35 kg. They are very fast animals that can travel at 50 km/h over 40 km and travel at 80-90 km/h over 20 km and the peak speed is around 110 km/h. The black antelope is very agile, it can jump 2 meters in height and 6 meters in length.

 

The look and feel of a black antelope

The black antelope is a medium-sized antelope. It has a graceful and slender body, and a short tail. Its legs are long and slender, but very strong, and end in thin, pointed hooves. Thus, it gives it great agility. The horns are usually found only in males, although they are found in females in some regions. The horns of the black antelope are black in color, annular at the base and wrapped about 4 turns, and the horns are in the shape of the letter " V "The black antelope is one of the rare antelopes that shows a difference in color between the male and the female. The male's fur is black and dark brown on top, sides and outside the legs, while the female is light brown in color and her belly and face are white. Both sexes, on the other hand, have the underside of The body and the inner part of the legs are white, in addition to an important white spot around the eyes.The fur of males darkens with age.

 

The black antelope or the so-called Indian antelope

Habitat and ecology of the black antelope

The black antelope can be found in a few countries in Southeast Asia and India mainly and is found in countries including India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan These antelopes live in the more abundant open forests, semi-deserts, and tropical dry forests, as well as in savannas and meadows in tropical or arid climates.

 

Black Antelope Diet

The black antelope is a herbivorous animal that feeds mainly on short grasses and grains. It also eats the leaves of various trees and shrubs as well as some types of fruits.

 

The social life of the black antelope

The black antelope is a social animal that lives mainly in herds, generally between 5 and 5 individuals. The size of the herds also varies according to the season, being more in summer than in winter. The groups usually consist of a male and a group of females, in addition to their young. Other males, younger and less powerful, often form same-sex groups. During the mating season, the strongest males form areas where they welcome females to breed. During this period, males of the antelope are very aggressive against other males, as they are repelled by ringed cries, and sometimes it develops into a fight between males of the black antelope for mating. The average breeding land area of ​​males is between 1.2 and 1 hectare. The black antelope is mostly diurnal most of the year. During the hot summer months, they tend to become more active in the early morning and late afternoon. The activity of the black antelope is mainly focused on locomotion and food. They also do some fun activities like jumping. During hot weather and at night, black antelopes are very cautious and fearful, and these antelopes mainly rely on their eyesight to detect any dangers that threaten them. If a member of the herd senses a threat, it will jump into the air on its own before other members of the herd quickly follow to flee.

 

Predators of the black antelope

The main predators of the black antelope are leopards and humans. While gray wolves prey on injured or elderly individuals, young are also preyed on by golden jackals and dogs. And the black antelope is very fast and agile, it quickly escapes after the alert given by one of the members of the herd.

 

Longevity of the black antelope

The life expectancy of a black antelope is 10 to 15 years in the wild while its lifespan in captivity is 15 to 18 years on average.

 

Black antelope reproduction

The black antelope is a polygamous animal that reproduces by birth. The black antelope reaches sexual maturity for females from 8 months to more than a year, but does not begin to reproduce until they are two years old, while males do not reach the age of sexual maturity only when They are about a year and a half old and in order to reproduce, males must compete with each other. This is why male black antelopes scream and fight through violent clashes with their large horns. Unlike many antelopes, black antelopes can breed all year round. However, peak breeding appears to be from March to April and from August to October. During these times the males are more aggressive. Pregnancy in females lasts about 5 to 6 months and black antelopes are born directly on the ground, and the young are able to move very quickly. The female gives birth to young and can mate again only one month after birth.

 

The black antelope, also called the Indian antelope

baby black antelope

Newborn black antelopes are light yellow at birth, sometimes with a small black spot on the head and neck in males. Then the males gradually darken their color until they are 3 years old. Young black antelopes are considered only a few moments after birth and are already able to walk on their own. Toon is very fun and active all day long. The young are breastfed by their mother and are fully weaned in about two months.

 

Threats facing the black antelope

In relation to the extinction risk, the cervical antelope is of least concern ( LC .).) according to the IUCNThe main threats to the black antelope are poaching, which is considered the biggest cause of the decline in the numbers of black antelopes, in addition to deforestation and human destruction of their natural habitats, especially in favor of agriculture and building urban cities. Currently, there are no more black antelopes in the wild than about 35,000 adults in the wild.

 

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