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The most exotic-nosed saiga antelope

 The saiga antelope is a medium-sized antelope that is found in some dry areas of Central Asia. It is a herbivorous animal, which feeds on various herbaceous plants. This animal is characterized by being one of the animals that have existed since the last Ice Age and are still alive today.

 

The most exotic-nosed saiga antelope

saiga antelope rating

Kingdom: Animal

Phylum: Vertebrate Chordates

Class: Mammals

Rank: Artiodactyla

Family: Bovines

Gender: saiga

Scientific name: Saiga tatarica

 

Distinctive characteristics of the saiga antelope

The length of the saiga is about 1.50 to 1.70 m, its height is between 60 and 80 cm, and its tail is 6 to 12 cm long. The saiga antelope weighs about 21 to 69 kg. The saiga antelope is very fast as it can travel at 40 km/h over long distances, reaching a peak speed of more than 100 km/h.

 

The look and feel of the saiga antelope

The saiga antelope is a medium-sized antelope with a fairly long body, slender and somewhat long legs with very small hooves and a tail. They are easily recognizable by their long, arched snout and attached large nostrils resembling a broad, short proboscis. The ears of the saiga are fairly small, round eyes and slightly curved horns. The saiga antelope is distinguished by the fact that its fur varies according to the season. The fur is rather thick and turns beige to light gray and white in winter, closer to sandy yellow to red in summer and the ventral part is lighter in colour.

 

The most exotic-nosed saiga antelope

The habitat and environment of the saiga antelope

Saiga antelopes live in some Asian countries such as Kazakhstan and Mongolia Russia, Uzbekistan Turkmenistan, China and Ukraine in dry steppes and semi-arid deserts.

 

The diet of the saiga antelope

The saiga antelope is considered one of the herbivores, as it eats various weeds that are widespread in its living areas and is characterized by eating poisonous plants in most other animals.

 

Social behavior of the saiga

The saiga is a social animal that lives in large herds. These herds consist of males, females and their young. The males fight with their horns during the breeding season. Every spring the females gather to give birth at the same time, which increases the chances of their young to survive. The saiga is a diurnal animal that spends most of its time in the pastures and every year, the herds migrate to find food.

 

The benefit of a strange saiga antelope

The exotic nose of the saiga is of paramount importance to him as it gives it an excellent sense of smell that enables it to detect predators and filter dust produced during migration.

 

Predators of the saiga antelope

The only true predator of an adult saiga is the gray wolf. However, it attacks weak individuals and sick individuals and wolves cannot prey on healthy individuals because they are very fast. And the young can be prey for the steppe eagle, the golden eagle and the red fox.

 

The most exotic-nosed saiga antelope

Longevity of the saiga antelope

The average life expectancy of a saiga in the wild is 10 to 11 years, while in captivity it can live up to 15 years.

 

The breeding of the saiga antelope

Mating season for saiga antelopes is usually from November to December. The gestation of the female lasts about 140 days and the female gives birth on the ground in a place where the grass gives birth to two young and sometimes one young .

 

Conservation status of the saiga antelope

In relation to the threat of extinction, the saiga is considered an endangered animal ( CR .).) according to the IUCNOnly about 124,000 saiga antelopes are left in the wild, and their numbers are currently continuing to decline. The most important threats to the saiga are loss and degradation of habitats in favor of agriculture and urbanization, in addition to global warming. The direct threat to this animal is the human being, who kills it in order to obtain its skin, horns, or even for the pleasure of hunting. It may also become extinct due to diseases that may affect it, causing the mass death of this animal.

 


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