There are many types of bears scattered around the world, where some types of bears are considered one of the largest carnivorous mammals on Earth, and they are very heavy and sometimes bears kill large animals. Bears have a wonderful world. In this article, we will talk about the most famous types of bears.

types of bears

The most popular type of bear

Types of bears come at the forefront of the priorities of lovers of the animal world.. There are also many characteristics that these animals include in the different classifications that they include.. Here are more details about these creatures:

giant panda

types of bears

Giant panda, Chinese bear, or bamboo bear is a huge animal from the bear family, native to south-central and southwestern China. It is easy to identify by the dark circles around its eyes and ears and by the roundness of its body. It is distinguished by its thick fur, which protects it from the cold. Males are larger than females and weigh about 110 kilograms, while females weigh about 95 kilograms. It ranges in length from 2 to 3 feet and may reach 6 feet. It is threatened with extinction, as its number does not exceed a thousand, and although it is classified among carnivores, most of its food is bamboo (99%). She also eats honey, eggs, fish, potatoes, oranges and bananas.

Tremarctos ornatus

types of bears

 Tremarctos ornatus is the only known South American bear. It takes its name from the markings on its face.

It is an animal that does not hibernate like other bears, its diet is almost vegetarian. Close relative of the giant panda. The female matures at the age of four. Mating takes place between April and June. Tremarctos ornatus is born in November until February. Males weigh about 175 kg, while females weigh about 70 kg. It eats berries, grass, sugarcane, corn and small mammals... Its voice is like barking. It climbs trees easily with claws like dogs. It can stay on the same tree for several days. It builds nests there. 

It lives at high altitudes in the Andes (Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Argentina). One bear lives on an area of ​​16,000 hectares. Statistics for 2007 estimate that there are only 2,000 individuals. This type of bear is the least numerous after the giant panda.

Short-faced bear

types of bears

 Short-faced bear is an extinct mammal that inhabited North America during the Pleistocene, standing up to six feet at the shoulders and 13 feet at the legs. The largest of them weighs more than a ton.

sun bear

types of bears

The sun bear (scientific name: Helarctos malayanus) is a species of bear found in the rainforests in southeastern Asia, specifically in: northeastern India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, southern China, the Malaysian Peninsula, and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

The length of the sun bear ranges from 120 to 150 cm, which makes it the smallest in the family of bears (Ursidae). Males are generally 10%-40% larger than females. Males usually weigh between 30 and 70 kg while females usually weigh between 20 and 40 kg. The arm length ranges from 60 to 72 cm. The sun bear has lightweight, sickle-shaped claws, and also has large paws and bare soles, possibly because this helps when climbing. The sun bear also has an inward-facing foot that makes it a zigzag gait on tiptoes, but also makes it an expert climber. He also has small, round ears and a fat snout. Its tail is 3 to 7 cm long. Despite its small size, the sun bear has a long and slender tongue, ranging in length from 20 to 25 cm, which it uses in order to extract honey from the honeycombs. Unlike other bears, the honey bear's fur is short and smooth, probably because the areas it lives in are relatively low-lying. Its body is covered in dark black or blackish-brown fur, except on its chest where there is a pale yellow-orange horseshoe mark, and similar fur around its snout and eyes. Because of these distinctive signs, this animal was given the name "sun bear".

sloth bear

types of bears

The sloth bear is a large, shaggy animal with a mane of fur around its neck and shoulders. It is also called the honey bear because bee honey is one of its favorite foods. Sloth bears live in narrow, rocky valleys and in the hills of India and Sri Lanka. These bears have a sharp nature and can be dangerous when approached. The sloth bear is one and a half meters long and weighs up to 115 kg. It has long black fur with a white patch on the chest, and the sloth bear's face is gray and almost devoid of hair.

Sloth bears usually eat termites and ant larvae, but they also eat flowers, leaves, fruits, and grains. They climb anywhere in search of termite or bee nests.

American black bears

types of bears

American black bears are the smallest and most numerous species of bear. It lives in North America, in areas extending from Alaska in the north to Mexico in the south, and from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. They live in 41 of the 52 US states, in all but one of Canada's provinces, and also in parts of Mexico. Black bears in the southern states of the United States of America live in mountains or forests, but nevertheless sometimes leave these areas and wander outside, and in some cases bears reach the borders of residential areas. American black bears are relatively close to Asian black bears, which share a single European ancestor.

Cinnamon bear

types of bears

The cinnamon bear (Ursus americanus cinnamomum) is a subspecies of the American black bear, native to Colorado, New Mexico, Idaho, Montana, Washington, Wyoming and western Canada. The difference between him and the black bear is the color of his hair, which tends to red-brown, which is the color of cinnamon, and it was named after him.

Kermode bear

types of bears

The Kermode bear (scientific name: Ursus americanus kermodei) is a subspecies of the American black bear, known as the spirit bear. It is found in the central and northern coasts of British Columbia, and it is indicated that one-tenth of its numbers are white or colored, and this is due to a common recessive allele in bears, which is They are not albinos, and they are not polar bears or the blond bears of the ABC Islands in Alaska.

Asian black bear

types of bears

The Asian black bear, also known as the moon bear because it bears a white patch on its chest, is a tree-adapted species that is found abundantly in Asian forests (mostly in Southeast Asia) and parts of the Russian Far East. It is classified by the International Federation on the Red List as a species in danger of extinction, mainly due to deforestation and active hunting as well as its use in circuses or for making money. This species is similar to some types of prehistoric bears, and some scientists believe that it is the ancestor of the existing species. Although Asian black bears are largely herbivores, they can be very violent towards humans, often attacking people without provocation. This species was described by Rudyard Kipling as "strange to most bear species related to this species...".

Formosan black bear

types of bears

The Formosan black bear is a subspecies belonging to the Asian black bear, which are colonial animals of the State of Taiwan. A vote was made for the most representative animal in Taiwan and this title was won by the Formosan black bear. It is one of the largest wild animals in Asia and is native to Taiwan. Due to exploitation and habitat degradation in recent decades, the numbers of Formosan bears have been declining which led to its inclusion in the "dangerous" appendix under the Taiwan Cultural Heritage and Preservation Act, in 1989. The geographical distribution of the Formosan bear is limited to remote and rugged areas at altitudes of up to 1, 000-3,500 metres.

brown bear

types of bears

The brown bear is a type of bear that is found in Europe, Asia and North America. It can weigh from 300 to 780 kg, and the largest species of brown bear is the Kodiak bear, which rivals the polar bear as the largest species in the bear family and as the largest land-based carnivore.

Although the population of brown bears is small, and they have faced local extinctions, they are still classified as "not endangered" by the International Conservation Union, with a total population of approximately 200,000. The main countries where it is common are Russia, the United States (mostly in Alaska), Canada, the Carpathian Mountains (especially the one in Romania) and Finland, where it is an international animal. Of the three most widely distributed species of bears, including polar bears and American black bears, brown bears are the most widely distributed geographically.

Atlas mountain bear

types of bears

The Atlas Mountains bear or the Atlas bear is a type of brown bear, and it is one of the hypothetical bears for which there is no conclusive evidence of its existence, but it is nevertheless classified by some as a definitive existence. It was a local bear that lives only in Africa, and it used to live in the ancient Atlas Mountains from Morocco to Tunisia. And people now think it's extinct. Thousands of these bears have been hunted for sport in the “Venatio” games or to carry out the death sentence on criminals. The last one was probably killed by a hunter in the 1970s in the Rif Mountains in northern Morocco. And this is despite the fact that reports are still sketchy, and some believe that this bear was able to survive in East Africa.

Syrian brown bear 

types of bears

The Syrian brown bear or the Syrian brown bear or the Syrian bear (scientific name: Ursus arctos syriacus) is one of the subspecies of the brown bear and the smallest of them all. It is an omnivorous animal (eating everything), as it feeds on meat, herbs, fruits, insects, and others. The Syrian brown bear has a height of 140 centimeters at the shoulders, and its color ranges from yellowish to dark brown.

Kodiak bears

types of bears

Kodiak bears, also known as Alaskan brown bears, is the largest species of brown bear with a weight of up to 680 kg. It lives in the islands of the Kodiak archipelago located in southwest Alaska. Its traditional name in the "Attic" language (the language of the indigenous people of the coasts of southern Alaska) is "Taqukak".

grizzly bear

types of bears

The grizzly bear is a subspecies of brown bears, widespread in the western highlands of North America. It is believed that this subspecies descends from the Ussuri brown bears that crossed into Alaska from eastern Russia 100,000 years ago. These animals are usually solitary in coastal areas, but they gather in Streams, valleys, and lakes where salmon spawn. Each year, females give birth from 1 to 4 young, each weighing 500 grams. These animals are considered dangerous if they and their young are threatened.

Eurasian brown bear 

types of bears

The Eurasian brown bear (scientific name: Ursus arctos arctos) is a subspecies of the brown bear, and it is found in northern Eurasia, and it is called by many names in all the colloquial countries of Eurasia.

Ussuri brown bear or Amur brown bear (scientific name: Ursus arctos lasiotus) is a subspecies of brown bear that lives in Siberia in Russia, in Hokkaido Province in Japan, in northern China and the Eimer Valley in China, and the average size of an adult is between eight and eight feet feet and a half.

Polar bear  

types of bears

The polar bear or white bear (scientific name: Ursus maritimus) is a type of bear that is found in and around the Arctic region extending across northern Alaska, Canada, Russia, Norway, and Greenland. The polar bear is the largest carnivorous land mammal today, and ranks with the Kodiak bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi, a subspecies of the brown bear) as the undisputed largest of the bears. An adult male polar bear weighs between 400 and 680 kg (880–1,500 lb), while the female is half that size. Although these animals are close to brown bears, they have developed a much narrower lifestyle than that of their relatives, as many of their physical characteristics have become adapted to life in a low-temperature environment, to walking on snow, ice, swimming in open water, and hunting seals. that make up the majority of her diet.

cave bear

types of bears

The cave bear was a bear that lived in Europe in the Pleistocene and became extinct at the end of the last ice age, about 20,000 years ago. Both names "cave bear" and the scientific name "spelaeus" are most likely derived from the names of the caves in which its fossils were discovered.

Skeletons of cave bears have been discovered in many caves in Europe, such as the "Heinrichshöhle" site, which is located north of the Rhine River in Germany, and the "Dechenhöhle" site, which is also located north of the Rhine River in Germany. Also in Romania is Peştera Urşilor, in which 140 skeletons of cave bears were discovered in 1983.

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