المواضيع

Addax

Addax is an endangered species of desert antelope that lives in a few isolated areas in the present-day Sahara Desert and some private game reserves in the United States and parts of Europe. It is believed that this type of animal existed in southern Palestine thousands of years ago. A Hebrew name for one of the animals that settled in Palestine was mentioned in the Torah, and this name was translated as Abu Lentils, although the translation is likely to be inaccurate. These animals are close to the various types of oryx, but they differ from them in terms of having square teeth similar to those of cattle, and their lack of musk glands on their cheeks.

addax

Addax is one of the familiar animals in captivity, although it is rare in its natural habitat, as it is propagated on farms for breeding game for hunting, in addition to zoos. There are fewer than 500 of these animals left in the wild, and fewer than 860 in captivity. It should be noted that the name Maha Abu Adass in English “Addax” is derived from the Arabic “Abu Adass”.

type attributes

Addax  is about a meter high at the withers and weighs between 60 and 120 kilograms. The color of these antelopes is white on most of the body except for the chest, neck and head, which are mostly brown except for a small white spot above the bridge of the nose and around the mouth. The color of the hair of these animals changes with the change of seasons, as it is white in summer and brown in winter. This oryx has brown or black markings on its head that form an "X" above its nose. It also has a scanty beard, red nostrils, and black hair that emerges from between the horns and forms a light mane around the neck. Both sexes have twisted horns that reach a length of 80 cm in females and 120 cm in males, and they also have wide hooves lined with slippers to help them walk over soft sand. Its tail is short and ends with a tuft of hair.

the behavior

Addax lives in desert areas where it feeds on herbs and leaves of any kind of shrubs and thickets that it finds, and it does not usually drink water, but gets all the juices it needs from the plant that it eats. This type of antelope is nocturnal and remains inactive during the day to maintain its activity and to avoid overheating. Abu Adass herds consist of males and females, and the number of herds ranges from two to 20 heads, although the numbers were more abundant in previous times. The herd wanders over vast distances in search of food sources, and these herds have a hierarchical social system according to age, as it is believed, where the herd is led by the older male, who mates with all the females. One young is usually born and fully weaned at about one month of age. The Addax oryx  can live up to 25 years in captivity.

spread

These animals spread, thousands of years ago, across the whole of North Africa, reaching some parts of the Arabian Peninsula and Palestine. Drawings in ancient Egyptian tombs show that these animals were kept as domesticated livestock around the year 2500 BC. Until about a hundred years ago, these animals were still widely spread from the Atlantic Ocean in western Morocco and Mauritania to Sudan in the east, but their numbers declined and were confined to specific areas for various reasons. Among these reasons is the destruction of the dwelling for the purpose of establishing development projects, and the intensive hunting in order to obtain their horns and skin. What helped to reduce their numbers at this pace is that they are slow-moving antelopes compared to other species, and they are known to exhaust themselves with the enemy to death, which made them easy prey for hunters equipped with horses or cars.

Preserving the type

Addax is bred in many zoos, national parks, and reserves around the world, and among these reserves is the Israeli Hai-Bar Yotvata Reserve, which breeds these animals and marries them in captivity in preparation for a possible release in the future in the Negev desert in southern Palestine, although this region may be outside the natural range of habitat for this species. Among the largest programs of captive breeding Addax  are those that take place in the Hanover Zoo in Germany, where these animals are raised there and then some groups of them are sent to Morocco and Tunisia, where they are kept in fenced areas in order to be released in the future into the wild. These animals had previously become extinct in the wild, but the Brookfield Zoo in Brookfield, Illinois, released 4 heads of them into the wild, where they multiplied very quickly.

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