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Adelie Penguin

penguin

The Adélie penguin is one of the most common species of penguin in Antarctica, and one of the species most studied by scientists to learn about its characteristics. The Adelie penguin is named after the wife of the French explorer, Admiral Dormont d'Urville.


Specifications

The Adele penguin is one of the smallest types of penguins, with an average length of approximately 60 cm, and an average size of 4.5 kg. This species is distinguished by the presence of a white ring around its eyes, and a red beak with a black tip, and it feeds mainly on krill and fish. The Adelie penguin can dive to great depths of up to 500 meters to obtain food, but it usually dives to smaller distances.


spread

The spread of the Adélie penguin is confined to the southern hemisphere, and it is abundant on the coasts of Antarctica or the South Pole. There are about 2.5 million pairs of Adélie penguins, usually in groups on islands and beaches, and it is the only species besides the emperor penguin, whose spread and breeding is limited to the Antarctic region.


reproduction

The Adélie penguin builds a rocky nest in the form of a small hill made of gravel, which is scooped up by the beaks of these birds and then thrown into place. During the breeding season, there is more competition for higher, drier areas to build nests, and some individuals may resort to stealing pebbles and small rocks from neighboring nests to build their own. The penguin lays about two white-green eggs, and both the female and the male take turns taking care of the eggs, but the female returns to the sea first, so the eggs remain in the care of the males for about ten days while the female feeds. The eggs hatch after approximately 35 days.


enemies

The main threat to Adelie penguins at sea are leopard seals, which usually stay under rocky outcroppings to prey on penguins. Also, some of these penguins build their nests in the middle of the group to protect them from the skuas.

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