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African wild dog

African wild dog

The African wild dog (scientific name: Lycaon pictus) is a carnivorous animal of the canine family, and it is the largest canine in Africa and the only one in the genus (Lycaon), which is distinguished from other canids by the number of its fingers and the number of its teeth, and it is classified as an endangered animal that lives only in Africa, especially In savannas and sparsely wooded lands.


physical traits

It is the largest canine in Africa after the gray wolf. Hearing is unique from all other dogs in that it has 4 paws on each list (as for other dogs, it has 5), this dog has a strong bite estimated at 317 pounds (144 kg) per square inch (2.5 square centimeters), and the weight of its adult individuals is between 18 and 36 kilograms And its length is 92 cm.


 color

The face of the African wild dog is black, and the color of the rest of its body is pale yellow, black, and white spots, usually in the form of spots in the legs, belly, and tail, and sometimes in the rest of the body. Its eyes are dark brown, and its ears are black and large.


Food and hunting

The African wild dog is characterized by a speed of 60 kilometers per hour and the ability to carry long distances at a high speed, and all this makes it the most successful predator in hunting in Africa and eats animals such as wildebeest, antelopes, deer, guinea fowl, rabbits, and others, but despite its success in hunting, only It is being robbed a lot by predators larger than it, such as spotted hyenas and lions, and this forces them to eat the prey very quickly, even while it is alive.


Behavior

These dogs are considered social animals, where flocks live like wolves, and the number of herd members is usually between 8 to 25 individuals, but there are herds with more than 40 individuals. eat When Hunting,

These dogs are very cooperative with each other, as they prepare food for the injured individuals and help the dominant couple in caring for the puppies, and the herd members can be seen playing sometimes. But she is a fierce defender of her lands as well. In the event that there is a dog from another herd in her lands, she will deal with him aggressively and will kill him if she has the opportunity to do so, and sometimes quarrels occur between the herds for the sake of lands.


Reproduction and parthenogenesis

A female gives birth to 6 to 15 puppies after a gestation period of 73 days. The whole group contributes to feeding the young puppies, where they eat, and when they return to the burrow, they vomit semi-digested meat for the puppies, and this is so that eating the meat is easy, and the young remain with the adults until they become stronger, despite all this, many puppies are killed by lions and hyenas, and this is to get rid of of its competitors. 

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