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Akita

Akita dogs are a large dog breed that originated in the mountainous regions of northern Japan. There are two separate breeds of Akita dogs: a Japanese breed commonly called the Akita Inu (inu: dog in Japanese) or Japanese Akita, and an American breed known as the Akita or American Akita. The Japanese breed is characterized by a lack of color diversity, and all other colors are not typical for this breed, while American breed dogs come in all colors. The Akita has a short double coat similar to that of many Northern Spitz dogs such as the German Shepherd or Siberian Husky, but dogs with a long coat can be found in many puppies due to a recessive gene.

Akita

The Akita dog is a strong, independent and dominant breed, usually wary of strangers but friendly with family members. In the United States the two breeds are considered one, with differences in style. The American breed of Akita dog was known for a period of time in some countries as the Great Japanese Dog. The two Akita dog breeds became famous around the world because of the true story of Hachiko, a loyal Akita dog who lived in Japan before World War II.


The appearance

The Akita's appearance reflects the cold-weather adaptations necessary for its original functions as an Espetz. Akita dogs are large in size and are known for their height and massive bone structure. Characteristic physical characteristics of the breed include a large, bear-like head with erect, triangular ears set at a slight angle to the arch of the neck. In addition, the eyes of the Akita are small, dark, recessed, and triangular in shape. Akitas have thick double coats, and narrow, well-articulated cat-like feet. Their tails rest on the top of their back with a slight or double curl just below the loin.

Adult American males typically stand between 26-28 inches (66-71 centimeters) in height and weigh between 100-130 pounds (45-59 kilograms). Adult females typically stand between 24-26 inches (61-66 centimeters) in height and weigh between 70-100 pounds (32-45 kilograms). According to the Breed Standards Manual, the Japanese breed is smaller and lighter.

The breed standards refer to the presence of all coat colors in the American Akita, including spotted, bright white, black-masked, white-masked, colored-masked, and various colors under the coat (guardian hairs). This includes the color pattern of the Sheba dog, which is known as the orajiro. The colors of the Japanese Akita, according to breed standards, are limited to red, tan, light tan, sesame, dark gray, and bright white, as well as with origaro markings with a white coat on the sides of the snout, on the cheeks, on the underside of the jaw, neck, chest, body, tail, and on the inside of the legs. 


coat patterns

There are two coat styles for the Akita, the standard length and the long coat. Although the long coat is considered a disadvantage on the show circuit. The long-coated dog, also known as Moko, is the result of an autosomal recessive gene and can only appear outwardly if both the father and the mother are carriers. These dogs have softer, longer coats (about 3-4 inches) and are known to have gentler dispositions. This gene is believed to come from the extinct samurai dog Karafuto-ken. Long-coated dogs are less valuable than their short-coated relatives and therefore less expensive. 


care needs

American Akita dogs require low grooming costs. Taking care of it is an easy process. They shed their fur at a profuse rate, once or twice a year. In particular, Akitas shed their coat twice a year. Daily brushing can help reduce this problem. This breed needs to be bathed every few months, although this frequency can increase depending on the owner's needs. Toenails should be trimmed every month, and ears should be cleaned once a week.


the behavior

Akitas are territorial about their possessions and may be wary of strangers. Sometimes described as cat-like in behavior, it is not surprising that Akitas clean their faces after food, groom their partner, or are picky at home. They are known to be intolerant of other dogs of the same sex, according to the American Kennel Club's registry of breed standards.

The Akita is not an appropriate breed for a first-time dog owner due to the fact that it is a large and powerful dog. In some countries' breed laws, the breed is considered dangerous. The Akita is a large, strong, independent and dominant dog. Well-trained Akitas will accept peaceful strangers or treat all strangers aggressively. Dogs of this breed deal well with children and are said to be pets with them. Not all Akita dogs have the same temperament.

Akitas tend to take a dominant role with other dogs, so care should be taken if Akitas are around other dogs, especially western ones. Akitas tend to be less tolerant of dogs of the same sex. For this reason, Akitas are not suitable for off-leash dog parks unless they are highly socialized. These dogs are sometimes spontaneous and need a coherent and self-confident trainer. Without him, the dog will become very stubborn and may become very aggressive towards other dogs and animals.


training

The Akita Inu is one of the most dominant dog breeds. Therefore, training should begin at an early age (seven to eight weeks). 


the health

Autoimmune diseases

There are many autoimmune diseases known to occur in dogs of the Akita breed, represented, but not limited to the following diseases:

Vogt-Koyanaga-Harada disease, also known as uveitis, is an autoimmune disease of the skin and eyes.

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is an autoimmune blood disorder.

Sebaceous adenitis is an autoimmune skin disorder thought to be caused by autosomal recessive inheritance.

Pemphigus foliaceum is an autoimmune skin disease thought to be genetically related.

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or lupus is a systemic autoimmune disease (or autoimmune connective tissue disease) that can affect any part of the body.

Immune-mediated endocrine diseases

In addition to the above, there are also immune-mediated endocrine diseases with a genetic factor, such as:

Adrenocortical insufficiency, also known as Addison's disease, affects the adrenal glands and is the opposite of Cushing's syndrome.

Diabetes or type 1 diabetes that affects the pancreas.

Hypothyroidism or autoimmune hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disease of the thyroid gland.

Non-immune conditions

Diseases not related to immunity also occur in Akita dogs, including:

Gastroparesis, also known as bloating, can progress to gastroduodenal torsion (GDV) and occurs when the stomach turns in on itself.

Astigmatic eye disease, meaning 'small eyes', is a developmental disorder of the eye that is thought to be an autosomal recessive condition.

Primary glaucoma, which is elevated eye pressure.

Progressive retinal atrophy is a progressive degeneration of the retina (the part of the eye that is sensitive to light and allows for vision).

Hip dysplasia is an orthopedic condition that occurs when there is a mismatch between the femoral head and the acetabular fossa. This condition causes osteoarthritis and pain.

Elbow dysplasia is an orthopedic condition in which the elements of the elbow joint (humerus, radius, and ulna) are disproportionately located, causing osteoarthritis and pain.

Von Willebrand disease is an inherited hemorrhagic disease caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor.

Cushing's syndrome, also known as adrenocortical insufficiency, affects the adrenal glands and is caused by long-term exposure to high levels of glucocorticoids, either manufactured by the body or given as drugs.

Breed related diseases

There are two breed-related conditions reported in the veterinary literature:

Immunosensitivity to vaccines, medicines, insecticides, anesthetics, and tranquilizers.

Pseudohyperkalemia, which is a rise in potassium levels that occurs due to excessive leakage from red blood cells when blood is drawn. This can give a false indication of hyperkalemia in laboratory results. This happens because many East Asian breeds such as the Akita Inu and Shiba Inu have higher levels of potassium in their red blood cells than other dogs.

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