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Alpaca

 Alpaca (scientific name: Lama Pacos) is a domesticated, semi-domesticated hoofed mammal of the camel family that lives in the high mountains of the Andes in South America. It resembles a long-necked sheep, and also resembles a small llama. Recent genetic studies confirm that it is descended from the South American vicuña.

Alpaca (scientific name: Lama Pacos) is a domesticated, semi-domesticated hoofed mammal of the camel family that lives in the high mountains of the Andes in South America. It resembles a long-necked sheep, and also resembles a small llama. Recent genetic studies confirm that it is descended from the South American vicuña.

Alpacas are kept in herds that graze in the highlands of the Andes Mountains in southern Peru, northern Bolivia, Ecuador and northern Chile at altitudes of 3,500 meters (11,500 ft) to 5,000 meters (16,000 ft) above sea level. All year round, alpacas are smaller than llamas. Unlike llamas, they were not bred to be animals of burden, but raised for their wool. Alpaca fibers are used to make woven goods similar to wool. Those items include blankets, jackets, hats, gloves, scarves, and a wide variety of fabrics. South American ponchos, blouses, and socks. , coats and bed covers in other parts of the world. The fibers come in over 52 natural colors as classed in Peru, 12 as classed in Australia and 16 as classed in the United States.

In textiles, "alpaca" refers primarily to the hair of Peruvian alpacas, but more broadly it refers to a style of cloth originally from alpaca hair, but now often from similar fibers, such as mohair, Icelandic sheep's wool. , or even high-quality English wool. In the trade, a distinction is made between alpaca and several styles of mohair and sheen. The large alpaca reaches a length of between 81-99 cm, and it usually weighs between 48 and 84 kg (106 and 185 lb).


informations

Alpacas were thousands of years ago. The Mosh people in Peru used images of alpacas in their art. Alpacas were not known to live in the wild. It is believed that vicuñas are the wild ancestors of alpacas, although alpacas are larger than vicuñas, and they are considered to be of the camel family. Alpacas are exclusively bred For meat and fiber only due to its small size, to be used like other animals

Alpaca was considered a delicacy by the Andean population, where they used alpaca meat as their food, and illegal alpaca smuggling became an increasing problem.


Alpaca behavior

Alpacas are among the most social animals. They live in herds or family groups. Alpacas warn the herd of dangers by sniffing noisily. The herd can attack smaller predators using its front feet by kicking or spitting on it.


spitting

Not all alpacas spit, but all of them are capable of spitting, and spitting is somewhat cute. Sometimes spitting up is just a projectile of air and a bit of saliva. The spitting can be herbal mixtures and green contents in the stomach. The alpaca shoots it at a target that could be a human. Alpaca excretes the substances to be spit out of the so-called “sour mouth” and the reason for spitting out these acids is their presence in the stomach, which is considered unpleasant tasting.


physical contact

Most alpacas do not like to be held, or to be petted anywhere on their bodies, although many of them do not like touching their feet or legs, especially touching or handling their belly.


Cleanliness

Alpacas get rid of the droppings in one place, where there is a pile with all the droppings of the herd. This behavior tends to limit the spread of internal parasites. Generally, males are more tidy than that, and the amount of their droppings is less than the amount of droppings of females, which tend to stand in a row and go every At once, he begins to urinate or defecate, and the rest of the flock often follows.

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