American Cocker Spaniel

The American Cocker Spaniel is a breed of sporting dog. It is a spaniel closely related to the American Cocker Spaniel. The two breeds diverged during the 20th century due to differing breed standards in the United States and the United Kingdom. In the United States, the breed is usually called the Cocker Spaniel, while elsewhere in the world it is called the American Cocker Spaniel to distinguish it from its larger English cousin. The word cocker is thought to derive from its use to hunt woodcock in England, while the spaniel is thought to derive from the breed's origins in Spain.

The first spaniel appeared in America with the Mayflower in 1620, but it wasn't until 1878 that the first Cocker Spaniel was registered with the American Kennel Club. A national club was created for the breed three years later, and the dog was considered the father of the modern breed. Ubo II, born at this time. By the 1920s, the English and American types of Cocker had become markedly different and in 1946 the American Kennel Club recognized the English type as a separate breed. It wasn't until 1970 that the American Kennel Club in the United Kingdom recognized the American Cocker Spaniel as being separate from the English type. The American Cocker Spaniel was the most popular breed in the United States during the 1940's and 1950's and again during the 1980's, reigning for 18 years. They have also won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Show on four occasions, Best in Show title at Crofts in 2017, and have been linked with the President of the United States on several occasions, with owners including Richard Nixon and Harry Truman. In 2013, the Cocker Spaniel was ranked 29th in the American Kennel Club's registration statistics for historical comparisons and notable trends.

The breed is the smallest of the sporting dogs recognized by the American Kennel Club, and its distinctively shaped head makes it instantly recognizable. In addition, there are some distinct differences between it and its English relative. It is a happy breed with an average working intelligence which, although bred to show standards, is no longer an ideal working dog. People of the breed suffer from a variety of health ailments including problems with the heart, eyes, and ears.

History of the American Cocker Spaniel

The word spaniel is believed to date back to the late 12th century when it was used to name a type of dog imported to England from Spain, with the extended part of the word denoting the country of origin. Records from the mid-14th century show that selective breeding was already in place, separating the breed into two distinct types, called water spaniels and spaniels. By 1801, a smaller group of ground spaniels was called the Cocker or Cocker Spaniel, so named for its use in cleaning firewood.

According to historical records, the first spaniel was brought to North America on the Mayflower that sailed from Plymouth, England and landed in New England in 1620. The first Cocker Spaniel recorded in America was a liver and white dog named Captain, who was It was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1878. In 1881, the American Cocker Spaniel Club was formed, later to become the American Kennel Club and is now known as the oldest dog breed club in the United States. The club's mission initially was to create a standard to separate the Cocker Spaniel in America from other types of ground spaniels, a task that would take more than 20 years, and was only completed in 1905.

The dog that is considered the father of the American Cocker Spaniel, was born by the dog that is considered the father of the English Cocker Spaniel. The dog Obo was born in class. The second kidney, which was shipped to America while she was pregnant. Once in the United States, she gave birth to a dog that became the second Ubo. It differed greatly from the modern breed, being only 10 inches (25 cm) tall and having a long body, but it was considered an excellent dog of the era and became a popular sire.

Towards the end of the 19th century, the breed became popular in America and Canada due to its dual use as a family pet and working dog. In the early 20th century, breeders on both sides of the Atlantic established different breed standards for the Cocker Spaniel and the breed gradually diverged from one another, with the two becoming markedly different by the 1920s. The American Cocker Spaniel now had a smaller muzzle, their coats were softer and the dogs were generally lighter and smaller. The differences were so obvious that in 1935, breeders established the American Cocker Spaniel Club and restricted breeding between the two types of spaniels. The two Cocker Spaniels were shown in America together as a single breed, with the English type as the main breed variety, until 1946 when the American Kennel Club recognized the American Cocker Spaniel as a separate breed.

Back to the UK

Initially in the UK there were a few Americans who accompanied service personnel to US bases in the 1950s and 1960s. In addition, many came with embassy staff and businessmen returning home.

The first American Kennel Club registered in the UK was the Aramingo Argonaut, born on 17 January 1956 and bred by Herbert Steinberg. Two judges confirmed that the dog was an American Cocker and not an English Cocker before the Kennel Club allowed the dog to be shown. In the 1960s they were shown as a rare breed, meaning they did not have a show class of their own and could only be shown in miscellaneous classes. This included the Aramingo Argonaut, who was the first American Cocker Spaniel to be shown at Croft's in 1960 in a chapter titled "Which Unsorted Group Is in This Show". In 1968, The Kennel Club approved the breed to be shown in the category "Any Gundog other than a Cocker" and stated that the American Cocker was not a variety of the "Spinelli (Cocker)". There were about 100 recordings between 1966 and 1968.

In 1970, the breed was awarded a separate registry in The Kennel Club's Breed Supplement, where it had previously been included in "Any Other Kind". Registration numbers increased to 309 by 1970 after this full recognition.

The American Cocker Spaniel has won Best in Show at the Westminster Dog Show on four occasions, with the first victory in 1921 by Ch. Seductive checker. My own Prussian dog won the title twice, in 1940 and 1941, and became known as the most photographed dog in the world.

A Prussian victory in 1940 coincided with the American Cocker Spaniel becoming the most popular dog breed in the United States, and they remained the most popular until 1952. The breed won the title for the fourth time in 1954 by defeating the class. The rise and shine of Carmore. The American Cockerel increased in popularity again in the 1980s with it becoming the most popular breed again from 1984 through 1990. In recent years, the breed's popularity has declined, being ranked 15th by the American Kennel Club in 2005. The breeds last victory came in 2017 when it won Best in Show at Croft.

The American Cocker Spaniel has had several connections to the presidency of the United States. In 1952, the American Cocker Spaniel became a household name when US Senator Richard Nixon gave his speech on Checkers on September 23rd. A part-colored American Cocker Spaniel named Dot was one of several dogs owned by Rutherford Hayes. An orange dog named Feller caused a scandal for Harry Truman when the dog was received as an unwanted gift and given to a White House doctor. Most recently, a cockerel named Zeke lived with Bill Clinton when he was governor of Arkansas.


The American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest dog recognized by the American Kennel Club as a Sporting Dog, standing between 13.5 and 15.5 inches (34 and 39 cm) at the Spaniel. It is a dog of normal proportions, with silky fur of medium length on the body and ears, which tapers down on the legs and belly (known as the feathers). The head is upturned, the nose is drooping, and the ears are drooping. The breed standard states that a size over 15.5 inches (39 cm) for males and 14.5 inches (37 cm) for females is a disqualification in conformation shows. The American Cocker Spaniel weighs about 24 to 30 pounds (11 to 14 kg) on ​​average, and females of the breed usually weigh a little less than males.

The American Cocker Spaniel's head makes the breed instantly recognizable, with a rounded skull dome, pronounced stop, and square-shaped lip. The drop ears are long, set low, with long, silky fur, and the eyes are dark, large, and round. The nose can be black or brown depending on the color of the breed.

The breed's coat comes in a wide variety of colors with the colors divided into three main groups: black/black and red, any solid color other than black, and partial colour. The black variety is either all black, or with tan points on the dog's head, feet and tail in a pattern called black and red. The group known as ASCOB includes all other solid colors from light cream to dark red, although some light colors are allowed on the plumage as per the standards. Partially colored dogs are white with patches of another color such as black or brown, and includes any colored dogs. Additionally, American Cocker Spaniels' coats can come in a pattern known as merle, which is not recognized by the American Kennel Club.

American Cockers have round eyes, a domed skull, shorter muzzle, and more pronounced eyebrows than English Cockers, whose head is more rounded. In colour, the colors of the Roan are much rarer in the American variety than in the English, but the shade of buff common in America does not appear in the English breed at all, although there are English Cockers which are a shade of red. The English breed is also slightly larger, ranging in height from 14.5-15.5 inches (37-39 cm).


the behavior

Known as the "Jolly Cocker," the American Cocker Spaniel's breed standard defines the ideal dog for the breed as "even-tempered with no indication of shyness." The breed ranks 20th in Stanley Coren's Intelligence of Dogs, a rating that indicates "working or obedience intelligence", or trainability. Intelligence tests conducted on a variety of breeds in the 1950s and 1960s showed that the American Cockerel performed best when tested on its ability to display restraint and to delay responding to a stimulus, a trait that was put into play by the well-bred breed's ability when seeking to freeze when found A bird before being kicked out on command. However, they have proven to be the worst tested breed when it comes to manipulating things with their claws, for example uncovering a plate of food or pulling a string.

With a good level of socialization from a young age, the American Cocker Spaniel can get along with people, children, other dogs, and other pets. This breed seems to have a tail that is always wagging and prefers to be around people, not a backyard alone is better suited to it. Beverage makers can easily be pressed with loud noises and rough handling or handling.

Members of the breed were originally used as hunting dogs, but have grown in popularity as show dogs. More and more it was bred to a breed standard, which resulted in certain traits, such as a long coat, that no longer made it an ideal working dog.

the health

The American Cocker Spaniel in the UK and USA/Canada had an average lifespan of 10 to 11 years, which is on the lower end of the typical range for purebred dogs, and one to two years younger than other breeds of its size. The larger English Cocker Spaniel usually lives about a year longer than the American Cocker Spaniel. In a 2004 UK Kennel Club survey, the most common causes of death were cancer (23%), old age (20%), heart (8%) and immune system (8%). In a health survey conducted in the United States and Canada in 2003 with a smaller sample size, the leading causes of death were cancer, liver disease, and the immune system.

The popularity of the former American Breeders has meant that the breed is frequently bred by backyard breeders or in puppy mills. This indiscriminate breeding has led to an increased prevalence of breed-related health issues in some bloodlines.

American Cocker Spaniels are susceptible to a variety of diseases, especially infections affecting their ears and, in some cases, their eyes. Although the number or percentage of affected dogs is not known, progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma, and cataracts have been identified in some members of the breed. The American Spaniel Club recommends annual eye exams by a veterinary ophthalmologist for all dogs that will be used in breeding. Autoimmune problems have been identified in Cockers and also in an unknown number or percent of the breed, including autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Ear infections are common in drop-eared dog breeds, including the American Cocker, and luxating patella and hip dysplasia have been identified in some members of the breed.

Heart conditions such as dilated cardiomyopathy, in which the heart becomes weak and enlarged, and sick sinus syndrome, a type of abnormal heart rhythm that causes low blood pressure, have also been identified in the breed. Phosphofructokinase deficiency is a condition caused by a recessive gene in the breed that prevents glucose from being metabolized into energy, causing a dog to have low energy and an inability to exercise. The gene that causes this appears in about 10 percent of the population, but a DNA test can prevent two carrier dogs from breeding and thus creating dogs with the condition.

Anxious Americans are also susceptible to canine epilepsy and a related condition known as rage syndrome. The latter is a form of epilepsy that can cause a normally calm dog to have sudden, unprovoked violent attacks. The original research shows that both conditions appear to be inheritable.

in popular culture

Lady and the Tramp features a female character, an American Cocker Spaniel.

Trilby from the Australian-American TV series Rags is an American Cocker Spaniel.

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