المواضيع

Ant

Ants are a family of social insects that fall under the family of ants of the order Hymenoptera, which is the same order to which both wasps and bees belong. More than 12,500 species have been categorized out of a total of approximately 22,000, and they can be easily identified by their hooked antennae and the distinct knot-like structure that forms their slender waist.

Ants are a family of social insects that fall under the family of ants of the order Hymenoptera, which is the same order to which both wasps and bees belong. More than 12,500 species have been categorized out of a total of approximately 22,000, and they can be easily identified by their hooked antennae and the distinct knot-like structure that forms their slender waist.

Ants form colonies consisting of dozens of predatory individuals that live in small natural cavities in very organized colonies that may occupy vast areas of land, consisting of millions of individuals, and large colonies mostly consist of sterile, wingless females that form a class of “workers” and “soldiers », or other specialized groups, and in all ant colonies there are sometimes some males for pollination and there is also one or more females who are ready for pollination and are called the “queen”, and the colonies are described as the superorganism; Because the ants work as a unified entity, collectively to support the colony. In this context, researchers, especially in biology, use the term "stigmatizing coordination", in the sense of a mechanism (engineering) for indirect coordination between individuals who leave tribal marks that they collectively invoke, which generates consistent and systematic activity.

Ants have colonized almost every corner of the earth, except for Antarctica and some remote or uninhabited islands. Ants thrive in most ecosystems and can make up 15-25% of the biomass of wild animals. Their success in their multiple environments is attributed to their social organization and ability to modify habitats. Their long co-evolution with other species has led to camouflage, commensalism, parasitism, and commensal relationships.

Ant societies have a division of labor, communication between its members, and the ability to solve complex problems. This similarity with human societies has been a source of inspiration and a subject of study for a long time. Some human cultures have benefited from ants in cuisine, medicine, and rituals. Some species have a major role as a factor in Biological pest control, however, the ability of ants to exploit resources may lead them to come into conflict with humans; Because they may harm crops and invade buildings, some species, such as imported red fire ants, are considered invasive and settle in areas to which they were accidentally introduced.


Ant living areas

Ants occupy a large area of ​​land and can make up about 15% of the animal biomass in the tropical rainforest. Until 2006, there are about 118,444 known species of ants, most of which live in tropical regions.


installation

The ant has only 6 legs, as there is a pair of legs in each of the three body parts. The ants' skeleton is made of chitin, contrary to what is rumored that the ant's skeleton is glassy


the behavior

The ants have a fair social system where all members of the colony are equal in rights and one ant does not distinguish from another and each ant preserves the public interest, then the ant knows its friend from its enemy by touching its horns in the niche, which is the line of ants’ passage and sequence, as it was found by observation that the ants of each group have their own signs They get to know each other, and an ant from another group cannot be allowed to enter the colony. The ant colony consists of: the queen, the male, the currency, and the soldier.

And the queen can remain fertilized until she reaches the age of ten years, and scientists have noticed that the longevity of the queen is one of the beneficial things for the ants, as with her death the entire social organization of the colony collapses, and it appears that they - the rest of the ants - believe that she is important, so they keep the body of the dead queen close to them so that there is no one left There are very few of them, and in the end the colony disintegrates; There is no new currency or soldiers to replace what dies or is lost.


The life span of an ant

The life of each species differs according to its social function. Males live only for a short period of time. As its job is to fertilize each successive generation of queens, while the workers and soldiers live longer. As for the queens, they are the longest-lived of all, and the ant lives to six or seven years in the average colony.

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