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Antelope

The antelope is a type of mammal, the antelope feeds on grass, and the length of the adult antelope reaches 230 cm, and it weighs about 400 to 800 kg. Its horns reach a length of more than 150 cm.

Antelope is a name for a group of hoofed mammals with hollow horns. They belong to the same animal family as goats and bulls, but they are more similar to deer. Because she is slim and graceful. Antelopes are like cattle.


species

species

There are many species, all in the eastern hemisphere. One of these species is the four-horned antelope. The male Indian antelope has two pairs of horns instead of one. Many species of saddled antelope live in central and southern Africa. The stripes on their bodies make them look like they are strapped into a saddle. Males of this species are distinguished by the presence of horns.

The klipspringer, a small antelope similar to the European chamois, lives in rocky places from southern Africa to the Sahara in the north. This antelope walks on the tips of its narrow, rounded hooves, which give it confident steps.

The Nalgai Indian antelope is grayish-brown in color. The male is characterized by short horns and long hair under his chin. Many African antelopes, including the Gumuzbok, are called maria. Both males and females have almost straight horns. As for the Ghabra antelope, it is a large, light-colored animal that lives from southern Africa to Ethiopia and Gambia in the north. The dark antelope, which belongs to the ghubra antelope but is slightly smaller, lives in South Africa. It has large, curved horns and is black or dark brown with white underparts. Two species of antelope in the southern half of Africa are called water antelopes. The water antelope can be trained as a pet, when caught young.


distribution and citizen

Most antelopes live in Africa, and a few species are found in Asia. The North American spinyhorn deer is not a true antelope, although it does look like antelope. Some antelopes, such as duikers and bongos, live in forests. Others live on the sides of the mountains. A few, such as the Setatunga and the Central African litchui, live in swamps. But more species of them inhabit the dry or grassy plains of eastern and southern Africa than anywhere else.


the shape

Antelopes differ in their sizes. The duiker and rock antelope are about the size of the great hare, and some others, especially the ibex, grow to the size of a bull.

The skin of most antelopes is covered with a layer of hair, except for a few such as the shaggy-haired water antelope. This layer may appear in the form of many shades and patterns. Brown and gray are the most common colours. Antelopes have been hunted since ancient times, for the pleasure of sport, as well as for their meat and skins. Certain herds of African antelope, which included thousands of animals, were destroyed by hunters. Many of the most beautiful species of antelope have become rare, such as the azure antelope, the giant dark antelope and the white mare. Others exist only on private lands. Others, such as the blue antelope, have been wiped out by overfishing.

Antelopes keep their horns throughout their lives. And many species of antelope - male and female - antlers. Male and horns are usually larger than females centuries. Some antelopes have short, straight horns. The other has curved horns, sometimes in a spiral twist. Some antelope's horns are smooth, while others have ring-shaped ridges along their length. Antelope horns are formed around a single bony core. The antlers never fork like tree branches, like the elk


the behavior

Most antelopes are very fearful and flee from their enemies. The gazelle and the black antelope are among the fastest animals in the world. And a few antelopes defend themselves when they have to, which are the wildebeest, the ghubra, and the dark antelope, all of which are found in Africa. Sometimes other animals warn the antelope of danger. The male, among most antelopes, defends a territory (an area of ​​land) during the breeding season, so that other males do not enter it. Females visit areas and mate with males as they choose.


with humans

Some Africans hunt antelopes for food. Many species of antelope are also raised on hunting farms for their meat. Antelopes are good meat animals in the tropics; for herds of many species feed on more species of tropical plants than cattle or sheep. In addition, antelopes have a higher resistance to tropical diseases.


in culture

Antelope horns conferred medicinal and magical powers claimed in many places. The horn of male saigas is considered, in eastern practice, to be an aphrodisiac, and due to over-hunting for its horns it is on the verge of extinction. In the Republic of the Congo, antelope horn is believed to seal spirits. Christian iconography sometimes uses two antelope horns as a symbol of the two spiritual weapons that Christians possess: the Old Testament and the New Testament. The antelope's ability to run quickly also led to its association with the wind, as in the Hindu Rig Veda, such as the horses of the Maruts and the wind god Vayu. However, there is no scientific evidence that antelope antlers have any ability to influence human physiology or characteristics. In Mali, the antelope is believed to have given mankind the skills to farm. Humans have also used the term "stag" to refer to a tradition commonly found in the sport of track and field.


Heraldry

The antelope is a common symbol in heraldry, although it appears in a very different form than in nature. As the different antelopes have the body of a deer and the tail of a lion with serrated horns and a small tusk at the end of its snout. This strange and imprecise form was invented by European missionaries in the Middle Ages, who knew few foreign animals and made up the rest at their whim. The antelope was mistakenly conceived of as a savage predatory beast; The 16th-century poet Edmund Spencer referred to him as "a ferocious wolf". The weapons previously used by South Africa featured natural antelopes, as well as oryx

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