What are the ineffective methods of decision making?

What are the ineffective methods of decision making?

What are the ineffective methods of decision making?

One of the ineffective methods of decision making

  • The pursuit of the perfect resolution.
  • Denial of reality.
  • Falling prey to self-deception.
  • Follow the herd.
  • Rushing, taking risks.
  • Rely on intuition alone.
  • Clinging to ideas that have proven to fail.
  • Ignore the consequences.
  • Ratification of collective decisions.
  • Stop following the decision.

You always strive to make the right decisions that you will not regret in the future, but your wrong approach to the report may be the reason for the failure of your plan. Here are some of the wrong methods that you follow in making your decisions:

The pursuit of the perfect decision  : No one likes to make the wrong decision, but the fear of making a mistake may cause you to fall under a lot of pressure, and weaken your ability to analyze things. You should know that making mistakes and making some bad decisions is part of the process. Learn you, and understand things better.

Denial of reality  : You may tend to see things the way you like, exaggerate the positive aspects of your choices, and look at the negative side of any other option available to you, and this may make your view limited in trying to evaluate things. Try to differentiate between objective facts and your personal opinions.

Falling prey to self-deception  : The way things are presented to you, or the way you receive the available options has the greatest influence on you in the decision-making process, when cancer patients were offered surgeries and some of them say that the survival rate within a year of surgery is estimated at about 68 % A large percentage of them agreed to perform the surgery, or the patients who were told that the death rate was affected by the surgery within a year, of which 32% did not agree to perform the surgery, even though they were offered the same information, so do not fall prey to the presentation method, search your options from all aspects before making a decision.

Following the herd  : Worse than making mistakes, is making mistakes on your own. It may often seem to you that applying the well-known option applied by many before you may save you from embarrassment, because even if you fail, you will be among the crowd. The mainstream might make you rule out more useful, wiser alternatives.

Haste, risk  : you may think that you have done some of your work when you cross out some options without scrutiny, lengthy examination, and your quick news may cause a disaster that could have been avoided with a little research and consideration, for example the Chernobyl disaster, while trying to avoid the reactor explosion, the official made a decision By conducting an unnecessary test that simulates a power failure in a nuclear power plant, and did not check the safety settings, the result was the reactor explosion, death, destruction, and displacement, there was no urgent need to implement this test, try to slow down, better late than never .

Relying on intuition alone  : ​​Intuition is one of the main pillars in the process of thinking and analysis, but it should not be alone in decision-making, intuition must be subject to logical thinking, otherwise your intuition may lead you to huge losses, and here is the head of Samsung, for example, he decided in the nineties to enter In the auto industry based on his hunch that the auto market would take off in Asia, he lost $2 billion and laid off 50,000 workers.

Clinging to ideas that have proven to fail  : It is difficult for you to change your decision and if it fails to achieve what you want, then you find a problem in your admission of failure, and this is what may lead you to failure. In 2003, a hypersonic jet named Concord was established. A lot of profits, but it was not put out of business until after an accident that killed 100 people, and this was the consequence of not acknowledging the failure.

Ignoring the consequences  : You may make a decision to solve a problem, or achieve an achievement, and ignore the side effects, which may cause you to get into bigger problems than the ones you wanted to solve. This was the reason for the sinking of the famous Titanic, when officials decided that it should reach its destination in Within 24 hours, to silence critics who claimed it was slow, it ignored warnings about speed, safety and icebergs.

Ratification of collective decisions  : Collective decisions have their advantages and disadvantages, but relying on them alone is a defect in itself. On this there are failures and losses. If you take into account the opinion of the group, you should discuss the violators and listen to the observations.

Stop following up on the decision  : Stopping following up on the consequences of the decision after putting it into effect may cause it to fail. There must be flexibility in implementation, alternative plans, and quick solutions when any part of the plan fails.

An effective method of decision making

  • Make a list of pros and cons.
  • Find out the worst-case scenarios for the future.
  • Avoid binary choices.
  • Consult with experienced owners.
  • Give yourself enough time.
  • Avoid delaying important decisions.

The individual makes many decisions every day, if you deduct 7 hours of sleep, the rest of your day may be enough to make thousands of decisions, starting with your choice of morning drink, the color of the shirt you will wear to work, and the one you will wear in the evening for an occasion, to your important and big decisions Like your decision on the date of your marriage, and if you are stable in working in the same job as you, or will you accept the best offer, science reveals every day new methods that enable you to make the right decisions, here are some of these methods:

Prepare a list of pros and cons  : Divide your paper into two boxes, and write the pros, such as that accepting a high-income job will allow you to buy a new car, and in the cons column, write that you will only be able to visit your family once a month, and evaluate each point on both sides with numbers on According to their importance, then distribute 100 degrees to all the choices. Each option has a degree of importance to you, and collect each aspect separately, to know which aspect is the most in the degrees.

Discover the worst future scenarios  : If you can imagine the worst that may happen based on your decision, you can make some adjustments to your plan to avoid the worst, and prepare for surprises. If you imagine the best, and you do not feel enthusiastic about it, then you should reconsider your decision.

Avoid binary choices:  The choice between two things puts you at a loss, and it may not get you anywhere. In the end, not all decisions are in black and white. Perhaps you can choose the gray decision. Perhaps you do not have to choose between your family and your dream job. , and spend holidays with your family, or ask them to accompany you, try to get rid of confusion, by compromise.

Consult with experienced people   : Listen to experienced people, or to a person who put your confusion in yourself before, ask him about his opinion, feelings, and experience.

Give yourself enough time   : think carefully, and don't jump unconsciously on the ground that you will fall on, so as not to leave room for regret later.

Avoid delaying important decisions   : being diligent in making your decision and being slow in implementing it does not mean delaying a decision whose delay may constitute a loss, such as your delay in dismissing a negligent employee who causes problems with customers, or whose mistakes cause a Decrease in profit, or you postpone a surgery whose delay poses a danger to your health. your life.

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